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Saint Gaudens, Haute Garonne

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Country  France
Department  Haute-Garonne
Canton  Saint-Gaudens
Area  33.18 km²
Local time  Tuesday 7:39 PM
Region  Occitanie
Arrondissement  Saint-Gaudens
Intercommunality  Saint-Gaudinois
Population  13,487 (2009)
Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Weather  18°C, Wind N at 8 km/h, 45% Humidity

Prix sant au travail 2012 ville de saint gaudens haute garonne


Saint-Gaudens ([sɛ̃ɡodɛ̃s]) is a commune and a sub-prefecture of the Haute-Garonne department in southwestern France.

Contents

Map of 31800 Saint-Gaudens, France

Saint-Gaudens lies at an altitude of 405 m on a ledge overlooking the valley of the Garonne. It faces the Pyrenees and is a natural crossroads for routes between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean and between Toulouse and the Val d'Aran in Catalonia.

History

It has been inhabited since ancient times (traces of the Iron Age and of Roman occupation) and was originally called Mas-Saint-Pierre, before taking the name of the young shepherd, Gaudens, martyred by the Visigoths at the end of the 5th century for refusing to renounce his faith.

The town later developed around the 11th century Romanesque church. It was granted its city charter in 1202 and became the capital of the Nébouzan area, protected by solid ramparts. As an important regional marketplace, Saint-Gaudens became the economic capital of the Comminges.

The town was damaged by Protestant forces under Montgomery in 1569, and became the seat of the Nébouzan Assembly after coming under the control of the French crown in 1607. The name was changed briefly to "Mont-Unité" during the Revolution and the area later became part of the Haute-Garonne départment.

Sights

The Collegiate Church of St. Peter and St. Gaudens, with its cloister and chapter house, this was one of the most important religious buildings in the Comminges. It was home to a college of canons ordinary, a community founded by Bishop Bertrand. The 11th century romanesque church, built on the typical Pyrenean plan as a basilica with a nave and two aisles, stands on the site of an earlier construction. It was extended in the 12th and 13th centuries with the construction of the cloister and chapter house. The lateral north door was added in the 16th century.

Several tall buildings are reminders of the city's mediaeval period, with plain façades to which balconies were added at the end of the 19th century. Other buildings, including some town houses, date back to the 18th century, and are decorated with stone carvings. Some buildings have façades with pediments, friezes and cornices, mouldings and gabled dormer windows. On Boulevard Bepmale, the façades that face the Sun, with a view of the Pyrenees, have balconies and galleries up to their very top floors.

Sport

St Gaudens has a Rugby League (Rugby XIII) team playing in the French Championship, the Saint-Gaudens Bears.

St Gaudens also hosts a popular rugby union team (Rugby XV)SSGL (Stade Saint-Gaudinois Luchonnais XV).

The Open International Féminin Midi-Pyrénées Saint-Gaudens Comminges, an ITF Women's Circuit tennis tournament, is held in Saint-Gaudens.

The 2014 Tour de France cycle race began stage 17 in Saint Gaudens, with a 124.5 kilometres (77.4 mi) route to Saint-Lary.

International relations

Saint-Gaudens is twinned with:

  • Avranches, France
  • Barbastro, Spain
  • Vielha e Mijaran, Spain
  • Notable people

  • Yves Giraud-Cabantous (1904–1973), racing driver
  • References

    Saint-Gaudens, Haute-Garonne Wikipedia


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