Sadulshahar is a town and a municipality in Ganganagar district in the Indian state of Rajasthan.
It is named after Maharaja sardul singh, son of Maharaja ganga singh, who established it. It is a great agriculture based industry center in Rajasthan. This town is situated on the border of India and Pakistan. Even though India and Pakistan do not share a very good relationship, it is a peaceful town Sriganganagar which was part of the Bikaner State before Independence. According to the people, a large village named "Matili" was transformed into Sadulshahar after 1947.
It was under the supervision of the 19-year-old Maharaja Ganga Singh who after witnessing the miseries of the great 1899 famine, vowed to end starvation by building a canal in his State. The British pussyfooted, refusing water rights from the Sutlej River in Punjab. Ganga Singh persevered and raised a loan of 15 million for his irrigation scheme. The Ganges Canal, begun in 1921, was completed in 1927. One of the longest concrete lined canals in the world, it has changed the desert's face around Ganganagar. It's a testimony to land transformation: Desert land was converted to a lush green town credited to the efforts of the Maharaja who brought the Gang canal which carries the excess waters of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the region. Bumper crops of wheat, cotton, mustard and citrus fruit have generated industry and a building boom. Majority in population are Sikhs and Hindus while only a few people constituting other sects stay here.
In the 2001 India census, Sadulshahar (Sardul Shahar) recorded a population of 22,326. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Sadulshahar had an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 69%, and female literacy was 53%. In 2001 in Sadulshahar, 14% of the population was under 6 years of age.
The town is well connected through railroad on the Sri Ganganagar-Hanuman Garh (Rajgarh)-Jaipur line, and through state highways to Haryana (Sangria-Dawwali-Sirsa) and Sadulshahar- Malout Punjab and (Abohar-Hanuman Garh) in the neighboring