The Socata TB is a series of light single engine piston aircraft manufactured by Daher-Socata and designed in the late 1970s. All aircraft (with the exception of the TB9) have a constant speed propeller. The TB series have become widely used training and touring aircraft and are often used for instrument training.
The TB series planes have come to be known as the "Caribbean Planes", due to their island names, though they are not often seen flown in that region. They are defined by their superior (and contemporary) fit and finish and interior size; compared to other four-seat single-engine aircraft, they are relatively roomy at 49 inches (124 cm) at the shoulder, plus or minus. In part this is due to the fuselage having a pronounced "round out" above the wing. Adding to the actual spaciousness, the side windows extend up well into the roof line, giving the Socata an airy feeling.
Due to the larger fuselage, and relatively heavy weights, TB series aircraft have lower performance figures than a similarly sized and powered but narrower aircraft, and the trade-off of in speed for comfort is often cited by TB owners.
The letters TB in the name stand for Tarbes, a city in the south of France where the aircraft is manufactured.
Design work on the TB series began in the mid 1970s to replace Socata's successful Rallye series of aircraft. The TB20 model was certified in France on December 18, 1980. The first delivery to a customer happened in March 1981 in Germany. All aircraft in the series were modernised in 2000 and as a result the letters GT were added (GT standing for Generation Two). The GT versions have a bigger cabin and aerodynamic improvements. The most noticeable differences between the first and second generation models are the wing tips, which are rounder on the older models, and the vertical stabiliser, which is curved on the lower front on the GT models. The looks of the rear windows have also changed, being more blended with the fuselage on the GT models.
Plans were to move the production of the TB20 and TB21 models, together with a new model only known as the TB2X, to Romania. TB2X was the working name of a new model that would most likely be similar to the TB20 Trinidad, but with a Diesel engine. According to a Dutch news site, it was decided in 2006 that the production of the TB series will be halted. However, there had been no official statement from EADS Socata indicating this, though the orderbook of EADS Socata did not include any more aircraft of the TB series at this time, with the last three ordered TB aircraft having been delivered in 2006. In 2008 it was announced that the TB GT Series would be built to order only, by 2012 the TB GT series had disappeared as an order option altogether. However, the aircraft type is still supported by the company, with a Garmin glass cockpit retrofit option having been made available.
The aircraft all have the same basic fuselage and interior. The primary differences between the models are the landing gear, engine, and propeller.TB-9, TB-10, and TB-200 have fixed landing gear and optional landing gear fairings.
TB20 and TB21 have retractable landing gear.
TB-9 was offered with a 160 horsepower (119 kW) normally aspirated engine and either a two-bladed, fixed-pitch propeller or a two-bladed, constant speed propeller ("Tampico CS").
TB-10 was offered with a 180 horsepower (134 kW) normally aspirated engine and a two-bladed, constant-speed propeller.
TB-200 was offered with a 200 horsepower (149 kW) normally aspirated engine and two-bladed, constant-speed propeller
TB-20 was offered with a 250 horsepower (186 kW) normally aspirated engine, and either a two- or three-bladed constant speed propeller.
TB-21 was offered with a 250 horsepower (186 kW) turbocharged engine and a three-bladed constant speed propeller.
SOCATA TB-9 Tampico
Four-seat light cabin aircraft, powered by a 160 horsepower (119 kW) Lycoming O-320-D2A piston engine, equipped with a fixed pitch propeller, fitted with fixed tricycle landing gear.
SOCATA TB-9 Tampico Club
Four-seat training version.
SOCATA TB-9C Tampico Club
SOCATA TB-9 Sprint
Fitted with a spatted undercarriage.
SOCATA TB-9 Sprint GT
Improved version of the TB-9 Sprint.
SOCATA TB-10 Tobago
Four or five-seat light cabin aircraft, powered by a 180 horsepower (134 kW) Lycoming O-360-A1AD piston engine, equipped with a fixed spatted landing gear.
SOCATA SB-10 Tobago Privilege
Limited edition model.
SOCATA SB-10 GT
Improved version of the TB.10 Tobago
Powered by a 134 kW (180 hp) piston engine.
Proposed version. Not built.
Proposed version. Not built.
SOCATA TB-20 Trinidad
Four or five seat light cabin aircraft, powered by a 250 horsepower (186 kW) piston engine, fitted with retractable tricycle landing gear.
SOCATA TB-20 Trinidad Excellence
Limited edition model, fitted with enhanced avionics.
SOCATA TB-20 C Trinidad
Air ambulance and freight transport version.
SOCATA TB-20 GT
Improved version of the TB-20 Trinidad.
SOCATA TB-21 Trinidad
250 horsepower (186 kW)
(1985) SOCATA TB-21 Trinidad TC - 250hp (186-kW) Turbocharged variant with a Lycoming TIO540 B1AD.
SOCATA TB-21 Trinidad GT
Improved version of the TB-21 Trinidad TC, fitted with a digitally-controlled turbocharger.
SOCATA TB-30 Epsilon
Military trainer aircraft unrelated to any of the other aircraft in the TB-series.
SOCATA TB-31 Omega
Proposed turboprop powered version of the TB-30 Epsilon. Only one aircraft built.
SOCATA TB-200 Tobago XL
(1991) Five-seat light cabin aircraft, powered by a 200 horsepower (149 kW) Lycoming IO-360A1B6 piston engine, fitted with fixed tricycle landing gear.
SOCATA TB-200 Tobago XL GT
Improved version of the TB-200 Tobago XL.
SOCATA TB-360 Tangara
An unrelated proposed aircraft based on the Gulfstream American GA-7 Cougar. Never entered production.
French Air Force
Greek Coast Guard - received two TB.20s in 1988.
Israeli Air Force
Royal Jordanian Air Force
Republic Of Singapore Flying Club
Singapore People's Flying Club
Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi(IGRUA), Raebareli(U.P)
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Sri Shakthi Institute of Engineering and Technology
Aviation Training Center of Rzeszów University of Technology
Directorate-General of Customs and Indirect Taxes - TB.20 Trinidad
Ecole Nationale de l'Aviation Civile - 33 TB.20 Trinidad and 10 TB.20 GT
Indonesian Civil Aviation Institute (ICAI)
AIS Flight Academy
Martinair Flight Academy
Police Aviation Service Dienst Luchtvaart Politie
Nigerian College of Aviation Technology Philippines
Philippine State College of Aeronautics (PHILSCA)
Civil Aviation Training Center (CATC) Thailand
Adventia European College of Aeronautics
Flight Training Adelaide
Aeronautical Web Academy
Civil Aviation Training Center(CATC) Iran
Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1982–83
General characteristicsCrew: one, pilot
Length: 7.63 m (25 ft 0 1⁄2 in)
Wingspan: 9.76 m (32 ft 0 1⁄4 in)
Height: 3.20 m (10 ft 6 in)
Wing area: 11.90 m2 (128.1 sq ft)
Airfoil: RA 16.3
Aspect ratio: 8:1
Empty weight: 670 kg (1,477 lb)
Max. takeoff weight: 1,150 kg (2,530 lb)
Powerplant: 1 × Lycoming O-360-A1AD 4-cylinder horizontally opposed air-cooled piston engine, 134 kW (180 hp)
PerformanceMaximum speed: 247 km/h (133 knots, 153 mph)
Cruise speed: 235 km/h (127 knots, 146 mph)
Stall speed: 97 km/h (52 knots, 60 mph)
Range: 1,210 km (653 nmi, 752 mi)
Service ceiling: 3,048 m (10,000 ft)
Rate of climb: 4.0 m/s (790 ft/min)