Tripti Joshi

São Tomé

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Country  Sao Tome and Principe
Area  17 km2
Founded  1485
Population  43,400 (1991)
District  Agua Grande

Sao Tome Beautiful Landscapes of Sao Tome
Points of interest  Ilheu das Rolas, Obo Natural Park, Sao Sebastiao Museum, Boca do Inferno, Pico Cao Grande

São Tomé is the capital city of São Tomé and Príncipe and is by far the nation's largest town. Its name is Portuguese for "Saint Thomas". The population of its agglomeration is 56,945 (2008 est.).

Contents

Map of São-Tomé

History

Sao Tome Beautiful Landscapes of Sao Tome

São Tomé was founded by Alvaro Caminha in 1493. The Portuguese came to São Tomé in search of land to grow sugar. The island was uninhabited before the arrival of the Portuguese sometime around 1470. São Tomé was right on the equator and wet enough to grow sugar in wild abundance. Its proximity to the African Kingdom of Kongo provided an eventual source of slave labourers to work the sugar plantations. São Tomé is centred on a sixteenth-century cathedral. Another early building is Fort São Sebastião, built in 1575 and now the São Tomé National Museum. On July 9, 1595, Rei Amador and most of the slaves took part in the Angolar revolt that took place on July 9 1595 where they marched into the capital and were subjugated a year later. Not long after in 1599, the city as well as the islands were taken by the Dutch for two days and again in 1641 for a year. It was the capital of the Portuguese colony of São Tomé and Príncipe and, since São Tomé and Príncipe's independence in 1975, capital of the sovereign nation.

Geography and location

São Tomé httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

São Tomé is located at 0°20′10″N 6°40′53″E.

São Tomé

Important as a port, São Tomé is located on Ana Chaves Bay in the northeast of São Tomé Island, and Ilhéu das Cabras lies nearby offshore. São Tomé is located northeast of Trindade, southeast of Guadalupe and northwest of Santana. It is linked to these towns by various roadways, but especially by the highway encircling the entire island of São Tomé. It is linked to Cape Verde by a weekly ferry.

Features of the town include the Presidential Palace, the cathedral, and a cinema. The city is also home to schools, middle schools, high schools, one polytechnic, two markets, three radio stations, the public television station TVSP, several clinics and hospitals, the country's main airport - São Tomé International Airport (with direct regular scheduled flights to Angola, Gabon and Portugal as well as occasional domestic flights to Príncipe), and many squares (praças). São Tomé also serves as the centre of the island's road and bus networks. The town is well known for the tchiloli playing.

Transport

São Tomé is served by São Tomé International Airport (IATA: TMS, ICAO: FPST) with regular flights to Europe and other African Countries.

Climate

São Tomé features a tropical wet and dry climate with a relatively lengthy wet season and a short dry season. The wet season runs from October through May while the dry season covers the remaining four months. São Tomé sees on average just under 1,000 mm (39 in) of precipitation per year. Temperatures in the city are relatively constant, with average high temperatures usually around 30 °C (86 °F) and average low temperatures around 22 °C (72 °F).

Education

  • National Lyceum
  • University of São Tomé and Príncipe, formed in 2016
  • The following Portuguese international schools are in the city:

  • Escola Portuguesa de S. Tomé
  • Instituto Diocesano de Formação João Paulo II
  • Escola Bambino
  • Escola Internacional de S. Tomé e Príncipe
  • It has one of the few libraries in the country and the most used, the National Library of São Tomé and Príncipe.

    Health

    The city has a hospital named Centro hospitalar de São Tomé (Central Hospital), also known as Dr. Ayres Menezes Hospital.

    Points of interest

  • Our Lady of Conception Church
  • Our Lady of Grace Cathedral
  • São Sebastião Museum
  • São Sebastião Lighthouse - inside the museum, the only museum in the nation
  • Supreme Court of Justice building
  • Sports

    Sports clubs, notably football (soccer) based in the city include Sporting Praia Cruz, another one is Vitória FC based in the neighborhood of Riboque. All clubs play at Estádio Nacional 12 de Julho.

    Notable people

  • Alda Neves da Graça do Espírito Santo, poet
  • Faduley, footballer
  • Aurélio Martins, journalist, businessman, politician
  • Fradique de Menezes
  • José Vianna da Motta (or as Viana da Mota), composer
  • José de Almada Negreiros, Futurist painter
  • Lasset dos Santos, footballer
  • Francisco José Tenreiro, writer
  • Miguel Trovoada, former Prime Minister and President
  • Twin towns and Sister cities

    São Tomé is twinned with:

  • Kingstown, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  • Lisbon, Portugal
  • References

    São Tomé Wikipedia


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