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Russula fellea

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Kingdom  Fungi
Class  Agaricomycetes
Family  Russulaceae
Scientific name  Russula fellea
Division  Basidiomycota
Order  Russulales
Genus  Russula
Rank  Species
Russula fellea Russula fellea
Similar  Russula ochroleuca, Russula nobilis, Yellowing brittlegill, Russula fragilis, Russula grisea

Russula fellea champimaginatis english text


The mushroom Russula fellea goes by the common name of the geranium-scented Russula, or bitter Russule and is a member of the Russula genus, all of which are commonly known as brittlegills. It is straw or honey coloured and in Britain grows in beech woods during autumn. It is inedible.

Contents

Russula fellea Russula fellea

Taxonomy

Russula fellea Russula fellea Wikipedia

It was first described and named in 1821 by the Swedish mycologist Elias Magnus Fries, initially as Agaricus felleus, before being placed in the genus Russula in 1838. Its specific epithet is derived from the Latin adjective felleus meaning "biliary", in reference to its bitter taste, reminiscent of bile.

Description

Russula fellea Russula fellea Funghi Velenosi Funghi in Italia Fiori in

The cap is usually 4–9 cm wide, and convex, flattening later, and often with a broad central boss (umbo). It is sometimes furrowed at the margin when mature. The similarly coloured, but paler stipe is firm and stout, and is 2–6 cm high by 1–2 cm wide. The gills are adnexed, and are the same colour as the stem, giving a spore print that is white to pale cream. The flesh is white, and does not change colour on cutting. It tastes hot, and often has a bitter tang. The smell is variously reported to resemble geraniums, or apple sauce.

Distribution and habitat

Russula fellea wwwfirstnaturecomfungiimagesrussulaceaeruss

Russula fellea appears in autumn, and is found with beech (Fagus) in Britain, but in Europe it sometimes occurs with spruce (Picea). It is normally associated with well-drained acid soils, and is widespread in the northern temperate zones; Britain; Europe, and Asia. It is not present in North America where it is replaced by the closely related R.simillima. It grows in deciduous and coniferous woods, and forests.

Edibility

This mushroom is inedible, having a very hot bitter taste.

Russula fellea Russula fellea
Russula fellea FileRussula fellea G3jpg Wikimedia Commons

References

Russula fellea Wikipedia


Similar Topics
Russula fragilis
Russula nobilis
Russula ochroleuca
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