Rahul Sharma (Editor)

Rufous scrubbird

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Passeriformes
Genus  Atrichornis
Higher classification  Scrubbird
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Atrichornithidae
Scientific name  Atrichornis rufescens
Rank  Species
Rufous scrubbird cdn1arkiveorgmedia45459857A1C0404E63AA338
Similar  Scrubbird, Bird, Noisy scrubbird, Eastern bristlebird, Bristlebird

The rufous scrubbird (Atrichornis rufescens) is a bird species in the family Atrichornithidae. It is endemic to Australia. Two subspecies are recognized: the nominate A. r. rufescens, and A. r. ferrieri.

Contents

Rufous scrubbird scrubbird

Description

Rufous scrubbird Rufous scrubbird videos photos and facts Atrichornis rufescens

Both sexes are brown with a rufous breast and a lightly barred back. The male has a long white streak on both sides on his neck and noticeable white edging on his throat. The female has a lighter breast and lacks the white edging.

Distribution and habitat

The species occurs only in isolated locations in north-eastern New South Wales and south-eastern Queensland. It requires dense ground cover and deep leaf-litter in rainforest and wet eucalypt forest, at elevations above 600 m, where it forages on snails and insects on the ground.

Conservation

Rufous scrubbird Rufous scrubbird photo Atrichornis rufescens G35628 ARKive

By the mid-20th century, it was almost extinct. A subsequent recovery to Near Threatened status in 2004 was followed by successive uplisting to Vulnerable and Endangered status in 2008 and 2012 respectively, in consideration of the fragmented status and small size of remaining habitats. Total population size was estimated at a low of ~2,500 pairs in the 1980s, but is currently estimated at around 12,000 pairs.

Rufous scrubbird Rufous Scrubbird Atrichornis rufescens

Most of the early decline is believed to have been driven by the clearance of the species' lowland habitats, and logging practices are implicated in current declines, together with natural aging (and consequent disappearance of understorey) of remaining eucalypt stands.

Rufous scrubbird Rufous scrubbird photo Atrichornis rufescens G38787 ARKive
Rufous scrubbird

References

Rufous scrubbird Wikipedia


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