Supriya Ghosh (Editor)

Rufous hornbill

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Kingdom  Animalia
Family  Bucerotidae
Genus  Buceros
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Species
Order  Bucerotiformes
Subfamily  Bucerotinae
Scientific name  Buceros hydrocorax
Higher classification  Buceros
Rufous hornbill Northern Rufous Hornbill Buceros hydrocorax videos photos and
Similar  Hornbill, Bird, Buceros, Visayan hornbill, Writhed hornbill

Rufous hornbill kalaw

The rufous hornbill (Buceros hydrocorax), also known as the Philippine hornbill and locally as kalaw (pronounced kah-lau), is a large species of hornbill.


Rufous hornbill Southern Rufous Hornbill Buceros mindanensis A captive adult

Rufous hornbill perch outside for sunshine

Distribution and habitat

Rufous hornbill Rufous or Philippine Hornbill Buceros hydrocorax or Kalaw

It is endemic to the Philippines, where it occurs in primary, mature secondary and disturbed forests on 11 islands: Luzon and Marinduque (race hydrocorax), Samar, Leyte, Bohol, Panaon, Biliran, Calicoan and Buad (race semigaleatus), Dinagat, Siargao, Mindanao (plus Balut, Bucas and Talicud) and Basilan (race mindanensis). It is still common locally, notably in the Sierra Madre of Luzon, but continues to suffer from substantial hunting pressure and widespread loss of habitat.


Rufous hornbill wwwbirdforumnetopusimages11cRufousHornbilljpg

The bill of the nominate subspecies is entirely red, while the bill of the subspecies semigaleatus and mindanensis are pale yellow on the distal half.


It is sometimes called "the clock of the mountains" because of its periodic noontime call.


Rufous hornbill Oriental Bird Club Image Database Rufous Hornbill Buceros hydrocorax

As with other hornbills, females seal themselves within the nest cavity, where they lay the clutch, and remain with the growing young for most or all of the nesting period. In some species, the male helps with the sealing process from outside the nest cavity. The nestlings and the female are fed by the male through a narrow vertical slit in the sealed nest opening.

Rufous hornbill Rufous or Philippine Hornbill Buceros hydrocorax or Kalaw


Rufous hornbill Wikipedia

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