Sneha Girap (Editor)

Roy Radner

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Nationality  American
Fields  Mathematical Economics
Name  Roy Radner
Alma mater  University of Chicago

Roy Radner wwwsternnyuedufacultystaticphotosrradnerjpg
Born  29 June 1927 (age 88) Chicago (1927-06-29)
Institutions  University of California, Berkeley
Doctoral students  Gregory Duncan Mukul Majumdar Victor Yohai
Education  University of Chicago (1956)
Books  Demand and Supply in U.S. Higher Education: A Report Prepared for the Carnegie Commission on Higher Education
Awards  Guggenheim Fellowship for Natural Sciences, US & Canada
Similar People  Jacob Marschak, Kenneth Arrow, Dale W Jorgenson

Doctoral advisor  Leonard Jimmie Savage

Roy Radner (born 29 June 1927) is Leonard N. Stern School Professor of Business at New York University. He is a micro-economic theorist. Previously he was a faculty member at the University of California, Berkeley, and a Distinguished Member of Technical Staff at AT&T Bell Laboratories.

Contents

Radner equilibrium

Among Radner's various contributions, the one that bears his name, Radner equilibrium (1968), is a model of financial markets. In the traditional approach if the value of an asset or a contingent claim is affordable then it can be achieved. Not so with incomplete market as the payoff has to be replicable by trading of available assets that are now part of the definition of the economy. The first consequence of such a requirement is that budget sets do not fill the available space and are typically smaller than hyperplanes. Because the dimension of vectors orthogonal to the budget set is larger than one there is no reason for the price systems supporting an equilibrium to be unique up to scaling, likewise the first order conditions no longer implies that gradient of agents are collinear at equilibrium. Both happen to fail to hold generically: the first theorem of welfare economics is hence the first victim of incompleteness. Pareto-optimality of equilibria generally does not hold. In traditional complete markets any policy would be undone through trading of rational expectation agents. This is no longer the case with incomplete markets as such policy-neutralising trading is no longer necessarily possible. Various policies (tax-related, monetary, etc. ) have an effect when introduced when markets are incomplete. Additionally incompleteness opens the door for a theory of financial innovation with real impact. This was not possible in the traditional complete market general equilibrium model as any contingent claim could be replicated by trading and financial innovation would have no real effect.

Awards and recognition

  • Member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
  • Distinguished Fellow of the American Economics Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science
  • Fellow and Past-President of the Econometric Society
  • References

    Roy Radner Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Dale W Jorgenson
    Jacob Marschak
    Kenneth Arrow
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L