Kalpana Kalpana (Editor)

Romans 14

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Book  Epistle to the Romans
Order in the Bible part  6
Bible part  New Testament
Category  Pauline epistles

Romans 14 is the fourteenth chapter of the Epistle to the Romans in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. It is authored by Paul the Apostle, but written by an amanuensis, Tertius of Iconium, while Paul was in Corinth, in winter of AD 57-58. Paul wrote to the Roman Christians in order to give them a substantial resume of his theology. Protestant Reformer Martin Luther summarised this chapter as Paul's teaching that "one should carefully guide those with weak conscience and spare them; one shouldn't use Christian freedom to harm, but rather to help, the weak". Lutheran theologian Johann Albrecht Bengel says that Paul "refers all things to faith".

Contents

Text

  • The original text is written in Koine Greek.
  • Some most ancient manuscripts containing this chapter are:
  • In Greek:
  • Codex Vaticanus (AD 325-350)
  • Codex Sinaiticus (AD 330-360)
  • Codex Alexandrinus (ca. AD 400-440)
  • Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (ca. AD 450; complete)
  • in Gothic language
  • Codex Carolinus (6th-/7th century; extant: verses 9-20)
  • in Latin
  • Codex Carolinus (6th-/7th century; extant: verses 9-20)
  • This chapter is divided into 23 verses.
  • Structure

    The New King James Version organises this chapter as follows:

  • Romans 14:1-13 = The Law of Liberty
  • Romans 14:14-23 = The Law of Love
  • The New International Version sub-titles the whole chapter "The Weak and the Strong".

    The Contemporary English Version organises the chapter as follows:

  • Romans 14:1-12 = Don’t Criticize Others
  • Romans 14:13-23 = Don’t Cause Problems for Others
  • The weak in faith

    The word which Paul uses for "weakness" in faith (Greek: τον ... ἀσθενοῦντα τῇ πίστει, ton asthenounta tē pistei) refers to both physical illness and moral weakness. In 2 Timothy 4:20, Paul says that his missionary companion Trophimus was sick (Greek: ἀσθενοῦντα, asthenounta) when [he] left him at Miletus.

    Verse 4

    New King James Version

    Who are you to judge another’s servant? To his own master he stands or falls. Indeed, he will be made to stand, for God is able to make him stand.

    Verse 13

    New King James Version

    Therefore let us not judge one another anymore, but rather resolve this, not to put a stumbling block or a cause to fall in our brother’s way.

    Verse 23

    New King James Version

    But he who doubts is condemned if he eats, because he does not eat from faith; for whatever is not from faith is sin.

    References

    Romans 14 Wikipedia


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