Tripti Joshi

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film)

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Genre  Adventure, Drama
Adapted from  Robinson Crusoe
7/10 IMDb

Director  Luis Bunuel
Story by  Daniel Defoe
Duration  
Language  English Spanish
Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie poster
Writer  Luis Alcoriza, Luis Bunuel, Hugo Butler, Daniel Defoe
Release date  August 5, 1954 (1954-08-05) (United States) June 30, 1955 (1955-06-30) (Mexico)
Awards  Ariel Award for Best Picture
Cast  Dan O'Herlihy (Robinson Crusoe), Jaime Fernández (Friday), Felipe de Alba (Captain Oberzo), Chel López (Bosun), José Chávez (Pirate), Emilio Garibay (Leader of the Mutiny)
Similar movies  The Blue Lagoon, Crusoe, Cast Away, Titanic, Robinson Crusoe, Return to the Blue Lagoon
Tagline  EVERY THRILL-SWEPT PAGE BLAZES TO LIFE ON THE SCREEN!

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Robinson Crusoe (Spanish: Aventuras de Robinson Crusoe; also known as Adventures of Robinson Crusoe) is a 1954 Mexican film by director Luis Buñuel, based on the novel Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe. Both English and Spanish versions were produced.

Contents

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

Lead actor Dan O'Herlihy, playing Crusoe, was nominated for the 1955 Academy Award for Best Actor.

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

Robinson crusoe 1954 trailer


Plot

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

Robinson Crusoe (Dan O'Herlihy), a third son with few prospects, goes to sea against his father's wishes. On a voyage from Brazil to Africa to collect slaves, a storm forces him to abandon ship. He swims alone to a deserted island somewhere in the Atlantic Ocean on September 30, 1659.

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

To his delight, the abandoned ship turns up on an offshore rock, allowing him to salvage food, tools, firearms and other items before it sinks. He herds goats, hunts game, makes clothes, and builds a home, with only the company of a dog, Rex, and a cat, Sam, his only fellow castaways. Crusoe lets Sam and her kittens run wild. When Rex dies of old age in 1673, Crusoe nearly goes insane from loneliness.

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

After 18 years, Crusoe discovers that cannibals are visiting his island with their victims. The next time he spots them with his telescope, he sees a prisoner (Jaime Fernández) make a break for it, pursued by two cannibals. He knocks out one and shoots the other; when the first one regains consciousness, the escapee kills him with Crusoe's knife. Crusoe takes the man back to his stockade.

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

He names him Friday (after the day of the week on which they met). Crusoe teaches him English and Western customs and turns Friday into a servant. Crusoe does not trust him at first, believing Friday to also be a cannibal who would kill him if given the chance. He builds a door to the cave in which he takes to sleeping. When Friday enters without permission late one night to get an axe, Crusoe puts leg irons on him. The next day, however, Crusoe relents and takes them off. He comes to trust his new companion completely.

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

After 28 years, Friday saves Crusoe from a cannibal sneaking up behind him. Seeing a large group, they flee back to their stockade. The cannibals, however, are driven off by white men with guns. Captain Oberzo (Felipe de Alba) and his bosun (Chel López) are the victims of a mutiny; the mutineers have landed to get fresh water and to maroon the two. Crusoe and Friday rescue the men and get away undetected. Friday then goes to the leader of the mutiny (Emilio Garibay), offering him a basket of fruit, but the mutineers are more interested in the necklace of gold coins (salvaged from Crusoe's ship) he is wearing. Friday leads the greedy men to the stockade. There, Crusoe, Friday, Oberzo, and the bosun capture them. Oberzo regains control of his ship. At Crusoe's suggestion, Oberzo agrees to let the mutineers remain on the island instead of being sentenced to die on the gallows. Crusoe leaves them his tools and instructions on how to survive.

Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) movie scenes

Crusoe leaves for home with Friday, having spent 28 years, two months, and 19 days on the island.

Cast

  • Daniel O'Herlihy as Robinson Crusoe / Crusoe's father
  • Jaime Fernández as Friday
  • Felipe de Alba as Captain Oberzo
  • Chel López as Bosun
  • José Chávez as Pirate
  • Emilio Garibay as Leader of the Mutiny
  • Production

    Luis Buñuel began working with screenwriter Phillip Ansel Roll in 1950 on a script. Mexican-Canadian Alex Phillips was hired as the cinematographer. More than 300 actors were considered for the lead role. O'Herlihy recalled that the producers of the film wanted Buñuel to use Orson Welles for the role, with Buñuel refusing, saying he was too loud and too fat. They arranged a screening of Welles' Macbeth to show how a bearded Welles would look, but Buñuel demanded O'Herlihy,who played Macduff, for the lead role. Negotiations with Herlihy occurred at the last moment and under strict conditions of secrecy to prevent a wealthier motion picture studio from rushing a similar story into production.

    Jaime Fernández was cast as Friday. Fernández was the younger brother of the noted Mexican actor Emilio Fernández, director and star of 1947's La perla. Jaime Fernández was working as a grip when discovered by Buñuel. He spoke no English, and learned it on the set much as his character did.

    Filming began on July 7, 1952, on the west coast of Mexico. Principal photography was scheduled for seven weeks, with both an English and Spanish language version shot simultaneously. Both films were budgeted at a total of $350,000. Exterior shots were filmed near the city of Manzanillo in the Mexican state of Colima. There were 60 people in the production crew. The crew took daily doses of Diodoquin and aralen to guard against dysentery and malaria, respectively. A security squad of local Manzanillans kept snakes, wild boar, and other dangerous animals at bay with guns and machetes. Interior shots were filmed on Sound Stage 3 at Tepeyac Studios in Mexico City. The negatives were flown to Hollywood, where they were developed and color-corrected. Three times a week, Buñuel, Phillips, the producers, O'Herlihy, and others watched the rushes in a local movie theater. Editing and scoring were also done in Mexico City.

    According to O'Herlihy, Buñuel saw the central theme of the story as that of a man who ages and almost loses his mind, only to find that companionship is his salvation. O'Herlihy also said that the script was used only for the first week of shooting. Afterward, Buñuel and O'Herlihy would merely discuss the story and how O'Herlihy should act and react.

    The producers initially believed the film would be ready for distribution by December 1952, but numerous delays upset these plans. On October 14, 1953, the producers announced that United Artists had signed an agreement for worldwide distribution rights to the film. The film premiered in New York City on August 4, 1954, at the Normandie Theatre.

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    Robinson crusoe full movie adventure


    References

    Robinson Crusoe (1954 film) Wikipedia
    The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe IMDbThe Adventures of Robinson Crusoe Rotten TomatoesRobinson Crusoe (1954 film) themoviedb.org


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