Rebecca Peterson (born 6 August 1995 in Stockholm) is a Swedish tennis player.
Peterson has won one doubles title on the WTA tour, as well as ten singles and six doubles titles on the ITF circuit in her career. On 2 May 2016, she reached her best singles ranking of world number 119. On 30 November 2015, she peaked at world number 95 in the doubles rankings.
Peterson is the daughter of former tennis player Mart Peterson, an Estonian who left with his wife Miriam and older sister Berat to Sweden in 1990, just before the collapse of the Soviet Union. Peterson has played many tournaments in Estonia and is friends with Anett Kontaveit. The Estonian connection of the two has been heavily documented in the Estonian media.
Peterson made her WTA tour debut at the 2012 Swedish Open.
Playing for Sweden at the Fed Cup, Peterson has a win–loss record of 3–6.