Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Raza Naqvi Wahi

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Pen name  Wahi
Nationality  Indian
Subject  Humorous, Philosophy
Occupation  Poet
Genre  Ghazal, Shayari, Nazm
Died  5 January 2002, Patna
Raza Naqvi Wahi httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Born  19 January 1914 Khujwa, Siwan, Bihar, India (1914-01-19)

Raza Naqvi Wahi (Urdu: رضا نقوی واہی‎; Hindi: रज़ा नकवी वाही; born Syed Mohammad Raza Naqvi on 19 January 1914 - died 5 January 2002), was the preeminent Indian Urdu language poet during his time. He used his takhallus (pen names) of Wahi (Urdu: واہی; Hindi: वाही). He was the son of Syed Zahoor Hussain and Khair-un-Nisa and was belong from Khujwa Village, District Siwan (Bihar), India. His father was Syed Zahoor Hussain, the Landlords (Zamindar) of his time and worked as Police Inspector for few years. His father also worked in Iran Embassy after leaving the Police Department and died in January 1962.



Growth of Literary and poetic tastes occurred in the literary environment of Khujwa . He started writing appropriate, inappropriate words when he was in middle School. At the time when he was in Patna College, his poetry got more chance to flourish. At the beginning he start writing serious Poetry. In 1950, he turned his poetry into sarcasm and humor. And then he continued his poetry into sarcasm and humor.

Initially he is very impressed with the enthusiasm and the attitude of Josh Malihabadi hence we can see the common pattern of Josh in his serious poetry like ‘Maanjhi, Bhook, Mashaal, Aaj Kuch Khaya Nahi, Achooth, ect was written on their untouchable style and which was published on Rasayal Nigar, Saaqi, Adb-e-Lateef, Asia, etc . He was also affected with the enthusiasm of Mir Taqi Mir.

Guidance ( Poetry)

In the beginning he taken the guidelines of Late Mirza Anwar. He nurture the initial style of writing poetry in him.


Completed his High School from Patna Collegiate High School in 1930 and completed his Intermediate (Senior Secondary) from Patna College, Patna, Bihar, India in 1932. He learned Arabic and Persian from Molvi Aainul Huda (he was the resident of Patna City, Bihar).

After passing the Intermediate he achieved Diploma in Commerce from Sufi Commercial Institute, Calcutta in 1933.


Akhtar Uranvi, Zubair Ahmed Tamannai, Ali Abbas (cousin who had retired from the post of DIG), John Naqvi, Shareef uddin Ahmad Shareef Azimabadi, Sultan Ahmed (Behzad Fatemi) and others.


In 1937, he was appointed as Urdu Reporter in Bihar Legislative Assembly. He was promoted as Assistant Secretary in Bihar Legislative Assembly. In June 1972 was got retirement from his job.

Creative Journey And Evolution

  • The creation of first Shair (Poetry) in 1928.
  • The creation of the post (Ghazal) in 1932.
  • In 1939 the publication of the first post (Ghazal).
  • The creation of the first poem in 1935.
  • The first poem published in 1936 in newspaper ‘Adab Lateef’, title was "Aaj Kuch Khaya Nahi".
  • First Zareefana (Humorous) poem was published in 1950 and the title was ‘MLA’.
  • The first article published in 1957 entitled as ‘Bihar Me Urdu Shayari’
  • Poetry collection (Urdu)

  • Wahiyaat in 1950 (Late Qayyum Ansari financial supported him for the publication of the book).
  • Tanz-o-Tabbassum in 1963, Published in literature library, Gardanibagh, Patna.
  • Nishtar-o-Marham in 1968 Published by Zindah Dalaan Hyderabad, Hyderabad.
  • Kalam-e-Narm-o-Nazuk in 1972, Dr. Monazir Ashique Harganvi compiled this book and Published under Naseem book Deport, Lucknow.
  • Naam-Bah-Naam (Collection of Letters in poetry form to all renowned Poets of that time) in 1974 P.K. Publications Pratap Street, Daryaganj Ganj, Delhi published this book.
  • Mata-e-Wahi in 1977 Bihar Urdu Academy partially funded for publication.
  • Shyaristan-e-Wahi in 1983, Bihar Urdu Academy partially funded for publication.
  • Manzumat-e-Wahi in 1992, Published by JTS Printers Patna.
  • Tarkash-e-Wahi in 1995 came to the scene.
  • Chatpati Nazme’n in 1971-72 Published by Maktab-e-Tahreek, Dev Nagar Delhi. (in Hindi language)
  • Literary works

    He also knows the style of a prose writer. He has written several humorous poetry in "Saathi" (Daily Newspaper of that time), Patna for several years. Periodically he had written numerous critical articles, which have been published in various magazines. One of his prose book in Urdu poetry "Bihar me Urdu Shayari" was translated in Hindi language by Bihar Hindi Sahitya in 1957 and has been published.

    Layout and editing

  • 1944 Zubair Ahmed Tammania (now in Pakistan) in collaboration with him composed a poem on the poets of Bihar and published as "Anothology Vs Isharah".
  • 1951-52 He compiled all the collection of poems by late Allamah Jamil Mazhari ‘ Jamil’ and published as "Naqsh Jamil".
  • 1956-57 He compiled all the collection of ghazals of Late Allamah Jamil Mazhari and Published as Fikr-e-Jamil.
  • In 1965, along with young poets He compiled and publish a volume of 600 pages magazine on the personality thoughts and art of Professor Late Akthar Aurenoye.
  • Other published writings

  • Almost 20 Articles.
  • Comments and analysis on almost two dozen books.
  • Trial of several books, preface and opinions.
  • Other services

  • Radio Comments and feature TV programs.
  • In 1976 for development of Humorous poetry and to make it particularly popular, He with the general support of a few common- thinking gentlemen of the committee, an organization was established named "All India Jashan-e-Zarafat Committee.
  • He headed a Mehfil named "Jashn Zarafat" in which many poets from India and Pakistan are invited and it is held on 11 and 12 December 1976 at Patna.
  • His Students (poetry): Jahaur Siwani, Natkhat Azimabadi, Israr Jamai, Shahzad Masumi, Qamar uz-zama Qamar, Sabir Bihari, Ibrar Sagar, Muneer Saifi, etc.
  • Recognition

  • Bihar Urdu Academy, Patna for literary services in Urdu gives special prize of three thousand rupees in 1977.
  • Ghalib Institute Delhi for the services in satire and humor awarded him with "Ghalib Award" in 1985 and 1987.
  • Department of Raj Bhasha, Bihar Government to Acknowledge the services of his valuable poetic dignity awarded him "Maulana Mazharul Haq Shikhar Samman" in June 1999.
  • Institution "Aitraaf" Patna in recognition of his literary achievements celebrated "Jashan-e-Wahi" and awarded him with "Aitraaf Award 1999".
  • Awards

  • "Tanz-o-Tabassum", Rs. 250 as prize from Patna University.
  • "Bihar me Urdu Shayari", Rs. 500 as a prize from Bihar Rashtriya Bhasha Parishad.
  • " Narm-o-Nazuk" , Rs. 1000 from Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Lucknow and Rs. 500 from Bihar Urdu Academy Patna in 1972.
  • "Naam-ba-Naam " Rs. 1000 from Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy Lucknow in 1973.
  • " Maatah-e- Wahi " Rs.500 and Certificate from All India Maiza Committee Lucknow, and Rs.500 from UP Urdu Academy in 1977.
  • "Shayaristan Wahi‘ Rs.2000 from Bihar Urdu Academy, and Rs. 2000 from Uttar Pradesh Urdu Academy, and Rs. 500 from West Bengal Urdu Academy.
  • Appreciation

  • In 1985, the University of Ranchi awarded Ph.D. Degree to their University Lecturer Mohammad Aqeel Ashraf for his research on the humorous poetry of ‘Raza Naqvi Wahi‘. His supervisor was Professor Sami.
  • Dr. Mumtaz Ahmed Khan, Reader Department Urdu B. R Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur under the supervision of Mr. Mushtaq Ahmed HOD Women’s College, Hajipur penned down his Ph.D. thesis on Tradition of Satire and Humorous poetry in modern Urdu poetry and poetry of Raza Naqvi Wahi. His thesis at the University has submitted but degree is not yet been awarded.
  • In supervision of Shafifa Farhat, Javed Akhtar has done research work.
  • Various research scholar at several universities are pursuing Ph.D. and M.Phil on his poetry.
  • Mau Nath Bhajan in 1983 published a volume of Magazine "Adab Nikhar" on personality and achievements on Wahi.
  • Many Poems of Wahi are included in the curriculum of universities.
  • Various Poets of Indian subcontinent complemented the literary works of Wahi.
  • Travel abroad

    After Partition of India For better life and in search of livelihood Mr. Wahi went to Pakistan and there he got a prestigious Job in National Assembly. But his heart was always in India and not in the Islamic country so he returned home (India) within few months.


    Raza Naqvi Wahi Wikipedia

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