Rayadurgam is a village in Anantapur district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the headquarters of Rayadurgam mandal in Kalyandurg revenue division. The town is renowned for its Handloom industry.
As of 2011 Census of India, the town had a population of 61,749. The total population constitute, 30,911 males, 30,838 females and 7,462 children, in the age group of 0–6 years. The average literacy rate stands at 69.60% with 37,781 literates, significantly lower than the national average of 73.00%.
Rayadurg municipality is the civic body of the town. It was constituted on 1 October 1963. It is classified as a Second grade municipality and the jurisdiction of the civic body is spread over an area of 50 km2 (19 sq mi) with 31 election wards.
The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state. The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.
Rayadurg Junction railway station falls under the jurisdiction of Hubli railway division of South Western Railway Zone.