The area was home to the royal landlords (jamindars). The name Rajpur has been thus derived from the Bengali words Rajar Puri (bn: রাজার পুরী) to Rajpuri and in this form to the now Rajpur. Being on the banks of the Adi Ganga (Old Ganges), Rajpur was one of the major locations of Bengal at that time. The proximity to Kolkata's southern district and being on the banks of Adi Ganga, which is just across the river made the place to be well connected. The old jamindar's house in Rajpur Harinavi is like the Roy Choudhury's. The family stayed in Rajpur. The Ramakrishna Mission, Belur Math set up an ashram in the Narendrapur area and made the school and college popularly known as Narendrapur Ramakrishna Mission. Rajpur is the ancestral place of the renowned Indian patriot and freedom fighter Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose.
Rajpur is located at 22.41°N 88.42°E / 22.41; 88.42 It has an average elevation of 8 m (26 ft).
Sonarpur is located at 22.43°N 88.42°E / 22.43; 88.42 It has an average elevation of 9 m (30 ft).
Boral is another major locality of the area. A very old temple namely of historical importance (said to be as old as the reigns of the Sen rulers of Bengal, however the old construction has been ruined)- Tripurasundari Temple near Boral High School. In early 1953, the principal photography of the Satyajit Ray's debut film Pather Panchali was done at Boral, then a small village on the outskirts of Kolkata, now a locality of Sonarpur. A decade later, Ray again shot a scene of Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne in the dense bamboo groves near a local pond.
The city also includes the localities of Malancha, Kodalia , Subhashgram, Boral, Sonarpur, Bose pukur, Nandan, Srirampur, New Garia, Chak Garia, Techno City, Panchpota, Model Town, Tentulberia, East Tentulberia, Ramgarh, Briji, Sreenagar, Panchasayar, Balia, Fartabad, Ramchandrapur, Bidyadharpur, Kalikapur etc.
Before the State Highway 1 (also known as E M Bypass) project Rajpur Sonarpur was connected to Kolkata by N.S.C Bose Road (Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road) and Garia Main Road. Which is a dream of distant past now after the construction of State Highway - 1 (SH-1) and the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass easily connecting the place with heart of Kolkata and the state highway to the rest of West Bengal as well as with the port area of Diamond Harbour. Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (E M Bypass) are famous for their congested rush hour traffic. As a result of that the place has got an attention recently over again.
The city of Rajpur Sonarpur saw an immediate rush for land. It has also turned up in the recent real estate boom of the metropolis over the last 10 years Rajpur Sonarpur has developed into a popular residential community. Many multi-storied apartment complexes have been built (e.g.Srijoni Complex, Sherwood Estate, Mayfair Group Apartments, Sugam Park, South Winds Residential Complex, Deeshari Mega City, Victoria Greens, Siva Complex,) attracted by the amenities, as well as by the easy connectivity over the E M Bypass and State Highway-1. Newly constructed roads have made access to the area very easy. Many parts have turned up as a transportation gateway to Kolkata. The Hardware Park at the Sonarpur Chowhati, initiated by the Government of West Bengal is being built up in rapid speed.
Peerless had built an excellent housing complex namely "PRANTIK HOUSING COMPLEX" located at Sonarpur Station Road.
The city of Rajpur Sonarpur is also geared towards luxury living with big real estate projects like Srijoni Complex, Sherwood Estate, South Winds, Deeshari Mega City Township Project, Primarc Sukriti, Avani Victoria Greens, Atri Green Valley, SGIL Gardenia building up luxury apartments with plenty of open spaces and amenities of a mini townships in varioues localities like Narendrapur, Rajpur Chowhati, Rajpur market and Rajpur Harinavi between N.S.C Bose Road and E M Bypass. Heavyweight transportation businesses are growing in the area.
More of the residential and commercial real estate businesses are coming to the city with bigger projects.
The entire area of Rajpur Sonarpur is well connected through the State Highway - 1, Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road and the Eastern Metropolitan Bypass. Garia, a part of Rajpur Sonarpur serves as the major connectivity point. From Garia, transportations like Buses, Kolkata Metro Railway are available.
Railway is the primary mode of transport of Rajpur Sonarpur. The entire area of Rajpur Sonarpur is served by the Bidyadharpur, Kalikapur, Champahati, Subhashgram, Sonarpur Junction, Narendrapur, Garia and New Garia railway stations on the Sealdah South section of the Kolkata Suburban Railway. Sonarpur Junction is the main railway station of this entire area. It is one of the busiest stations of Sealdah division. More than 110 pairs of local trains ply through Sonarpur Junction on a daily basis. There are four platforms in this station: Platform 1 is used for Sealdah bound up trains while Platform 2 is used mainly for Baruipur/Namkhana(Lakhsmikantapur)/Diamond Harbour bound down trains. Platform 3 is used mainly for up and down Sonarpur locals while Platform 4 is used primarily for Canning bound down trains. There are also several computerised booking counters for long distance trains. The only EMU carshed of Sealdah South section is present here.
Surface transport routes and many private bus routes ply from Garia to many important destinations via E.M. Bypass and the main roads. There are also long distance bus routes specially the Digha bus route which also ply from Garia regularly.
There are also many bus lines that ply over and from the various places of the city.CTC Bus lines
C26 Howrah Station – Baruipur
Howrah Station – Kamalgazi
CSTC Bus lines
S15G Dakshineshwar – Baruipur
AC14 Salt Lake Karunamoyee – Baruipur (AC Bus)
Private Bus lines
218 Babughat – Baruipur
228 Mahamayatala – Babughat
251 Esplanade – Narendrapur
SD3 Sonarpur - Ghatakpukur
SD5 Sonarpur Station - Khariberia
KB17 Sonarpur Baikunthapur – Salt Lake Karunamoyee
JM2 Malancha (Subhasgram Station) – Kolkata Railway Station
JM4 Dharsa - Narendrapur
Mini Bus lines
113 Harinavi - Howrah Station
M8/1 Khanna – Sonarpur Station
WBSTC Franchisee Bus lines
Sonarpur Station - Kolkata Railway Station
WBSTC Bus lines
ST12 Sapoorji Estate – Baruipur
Esplanade – Joynagar
STA Bus Routes
Barasat — Baruipur
Bus lines without Numbers
Dhulagarh – Rajpur
Dankuni Housing Estate — Kamalgazi
Eastern Metropolitan Bypass (gateway to Salt Lake City, New Town and Airport)
Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road (State Highway-1) gateway to Tollygunge and Esplanade
Garia Main Road (gateway to Rajpur-Sonarpur) - Now Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Road (N S C Bose Road)
Garia Station Road (gateway to Garia Railway Station. It also serves as a connector to the E.M. Bypass from Shitala Mandir Bus Stand of Garia.)
Boral Main Road (gateway to Garia Adi Mahasamsan Ghat. It also serves the Shooting Location of "Pather Panchali" filmed by Satyajit Ray also connector to Joinpur and Nepalgunge
Sonarpur Station Road
Sonarpur-Rajpur Road(H.C. Sarani)
Kavi Subhash (formerly New Garia)
Shahid Khudiram (formerly Birji)
Kavi Nazrul (formerly Garia Bazar)
Rajpur Sonarpur is the 7th largest municipality of West Bengal in terms of population after Kolkata Municipal Corporation, Asansol, Howrah, Siliguri, Durgapur and Maheshtala with an area of 55.00 sq. km. As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Rajpur Sonarpur in 2011 is 423,806; of which male and female are 215,983 and 207,823 respectively. Although Rajpur Sonarpur city has population of 423,806; its urban / metropolitan population is appx. 650,000. Area of Rajpur Sonarpur Municipality is about 55sq km. the density of the city itself is 8605/km2. While the area of greater Sonarpur is 190 km2 which is roughly equal to the area of the city of Kolkata. The density of greater Sonarpur is 3600/km2.
In education section, total literates in Rajpur Sonarpur city are 357,154 of which 188,374 are males while 168,780 are females. Average literacy rate of Rajpur Sonarpur city is 91.06 percent(which is greater than the literacy rate of state capital Kolkata) of which male and female literacy was 94.28 and 87.71 percent.
The sex ratio of Rajpur Sonarpur city is 962 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 952 per 1000 boys.
Total children (0-6) in Rajpur Sonarpur city are 31,588 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 16,186 boys while 15,402 are girls. The child forms 7.45% of total population of Rajpur Sonarpur City.
With the partition of India there was a massive influx of refugees from East Pakistan into Kolkata and its peripheral areas. Of over a million refugees who entered West Bengal in 1950 alone settled mostly in squatter colonies between Naihati and Sonarpur on the east bank of the Hooghly and between Mogra and Uluberia on the west bank.
There are many primary, secondary and higher secondary schools in this area. The eminent institution Narendrapur Ramakrishna Mission, is one of the major schools and residential colleges of the city. The autonomous college Ramakrishna Mission Residential College is the most prestigious educational institute of the city. Some popular schools are:Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya
Kamrabad Uchcha Vidyalaya
Kamrabad Girls High School
Rajpur Vidyanidhi High School (local name : Bangla School)
Harinavi DVAS High School
Ghasiara Vidyapith High School
Subhashini Balika shikshalaya
Techno India Group Public School
Indus Valley World School
Padmamani Balika Vidyalaya
Atulkrishna High school
Sri Sri Sarada Sishu Vidyapith
Sonarpur Sishu Vidyapith
Ramakrishna Mission Vidyalaya
Lion's Calcutta Greater Vidya Mandir
BDM International School
There is also one general college Sonarpur Mahavidyalaya under the University of Calcutta and many private Engineering-Management colleges, Future Institute of Engineering and Management, Future Business School, Netaji Subhash Engineering College, Swami Vivekananda Institute of Science & Technology, Bengal Institute of Technology, Meghnad Saha Institute of Technology, Swami Vivekananda Institute Of Modern Science, Shree Ramakrishna Institute of Science & Technology. Giribala Primary school, Nafar Chandra Balika Vidyalaya(girls), Anukul Chandra High School(boys)are most famous schools
The city has been the ancestral place or home for a number luminariesNetaji Subhash Chandra Bose, Freedom Fighter
Manabendra Nath Roy
Hari Kumar Chakraborty
Dr. Kartic Basu
Rishi Rajnarayan Basu
Janakinath Bose (Eminent advocate and father of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose)
Salil Chowdhury (Eminent music director)
Anukul Chandra Das
Anurag Basu, Bollywood film director
Kaushik Ganguly, film director
Churni Ganguly, actress
Locket Chatterjee, actress
Rashid Khan, famous classical singer
Sidhu (a.k.a. Siddhartha Ray), musician (vocalist of Cactus band)
Sunil Ganguly, guitarist
Nimu Bhaumick, actor
Kabir Suman (Renowned Poet, Singer, Musician & Socio-Political Activist)
Indrani Chakraborty, actress