GenreWar, Drama Story byWanda Wasilewska CountrySoviet Union
Release date1944 (1944) WriterWanda Wasilewska (novel), Wanda Wasilewska (screenplay) CastNina Alisova, Hans Klering, Yelena Tyapkina Similar moviesMark Donskoy directed Rainbow and Gorky Trilogy II
Mark donskoi the rainbow 1944
Rainbow (Ukrainian: Веселка; translit. Veselka, Russian: Радуга; translit. Raduga), is a 1944 Soviet war film directed by Mark Donskoy and written by Wanda Wasilewska based on her novel, Tecza. The film depicts life in a German-occupied village in Ukraine at the beginning of World War II from the view point of the terrorized villagers.
The German conquerors are above nothing, not even the slaughter of small children, to break the spirit of their Soviet captives. Suffering more than most is Olga (Nataliya Uzhviy), a Soviet partisan who returns to the village to bear her child, only to endure the cruelest of arbitrary tortures at the hands of the Nazis. Eventually, the villagers rise up against their oppressors-but unexpectedly do not wipe them out, electing instead to force the surviving Nazis to stand trial for their atrocities in a postwar "people's court." (It is also implied that those who collaborated with the Germans will be dealt with in the same evenhanded fashion).
"Brilliantly acted by virtually everyone in the cast, Rainbow is a remarkable achievement, one that deserves to be better known outside of Russia." It has been described as the most powerful and effective of the Soviet propaganda films produced during the war. The film was recommended to President Franklin Roosevelt by the American ambassador in Moscow in early 1944. Roosevelt cabled Ambassador W. Averell Harriman in Moscow on March 14, 1944 with the message that he had viewed the film, and found it so "beautifully and dramatically presented that it required little translation." FDR stated that he hoped it could be shown to the American public.