Qaem Shahr pronunciation (Persian: قائم شَهر, also Romanized as Qā’em Shahr; formerly known as Shāhi (Persian: شاهی) is a city in and the capital of Qaem Shahr County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population is 300,000, in 48,055 families.
Originally known as Aliyabad, the name Ŝâhi (Shāhi) was used until the Iranian Revolution in 1979 when the city acquired its current name.
The city is situated 237 kilometres (147 mi) north-east of Tehran; 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of Babol; and 23 kilometres (14 mi) south west of Sari which is the capital of Mazandaran province.
In 1951, Qa'em Shahr's population was around 18,000, growing to 123,684 in 1991. The city has a lot of problems with the growing population. Although the maze of Seyyed Mahalleh has kept its old shape, the old houses with gardens are replaced with apartment buildings. The roads are still too small, especially in the center of the town, and the rest of the infrastructure does not match the need.
World and Olympic champion weightlifter Behdad Salimi hails from Qaem Shahr, as well as Mansour Sadeghi, guitar teacher, composer and singer of pop music.
The city is where the North Iranian railway quits the fertile plains of Mazandaran to cross the highest mountain range of the Middle East, the Elburz.