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Professionalization and institutionalization of history

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Professionalization and institutionalization of history is term used in historiography to describe process of professionalization of the historical discipline with historians becoming professionals through process of special education, and genesis of historical institutions they founded.

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Professionalization of history

During process of professionalization of history being historian became not only occupation but profession of the highest integrity and competence. Professionalization of history is the process of acquiring the following characteristics of profession for occupation of historian:

  1. prolonged training in definable body of knowledge,
  2. a credential system,
  3. a code of ethics,
  4. a self-government
  5. legislated access to particular labour market.

This process results with privileged access to financial and social rewards for its members.

Institutionalization of history

The term institutionalisation is widely used in social theory to refer to the process of embedding something (for example a concept, a social role, a particular value or mode of behaviour) within an organisation, social system, or society as a whole.

References

Professionalization and institutionalization of history Wikipedia


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