Neha Patil (Editor)

Prevotella

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Kingdom  Bacteria
Order  Bacteroidales
Scientific name  Prevotella
Rank  Genus
Phylum  Bacteroidetes
Family  Prevotellaceae
Higher classification  Prevotellaceae
Similar  Bacteria, Fusobacterium, Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Veillonella

Medical vocabulary what does prevotella intermedia mean


Prevotella is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria.

Contents

Bacteroides melaninogenicus has been reclassified and split into Prevotella melaninogenica and Prevotella intermedia.

Prevotella spp. are members of the oral and vaginal flora, and are recovered from anaerobic infections of the respiratory tract. These infections include aspiration pneumonia, lung abscess, pulmonary empyema, and chronic otitis media and sinusitis. They have been isolated from abscesses and burns in the vicinity of the mouth, bites, paronychia, urinary tract infection, brain abscesses, osteomyelitis, and bacteremia associated with upper respiratory tract infections. Prevotella spp. predominate in periodontal disease and periodontal abscesses.

In a study of gut bacteria of children in Burkina Faso (in Africa), Prevotella made up 53% of the gut bacteria, but were absent in age-matched European children. Studies also indicate that long-term diet is strongly associated with the gut microbiome composition—those who eat plenty of protein and animal fats typical of Western diet have predominantly Bacteroides bacteria, while for those who consume more carbohydrates, especially fibre, the Prevotella species dominate.

P. copri is possibly connected to rheumatoid arthritis.

A recent study on Prevotella derived from humans compared the gene repertoires of its species derived from different body sites of human. It also reported an open pan- genome showing vast diversity of gene pool.

An overgrowth of Prevotella and a reduction of Lactobacillus have been correlated with the onset of Osteomyelitis in mice. The reduction of Prevotella in model mice led to an increase of Lactobacillus showing a protection effect against osteomyelitis. Thus, changes in the microbiota Prevotella may be related to the development of osteomyelitis.

Lethal photosensitisation of prevotella intermedia


Species

  • Prevotella albensis
  • Prevotella amnii
  • Prevotella bergensis
  • Prevotella bivia
  • Prevotella brevis
  • Prevotella bryantii
  • Prevotella buccae
  • Prevotella buccalis
  • Prevotella copri
  • Prevotella dentalis
  • Prevotella denticola
  • Prevotella disiens
  • Prevotella histicola
  • Prevotella intermedia
  • Prevotella maculosa
  • Prevotella marshii
  • Prevotella melaninogenica
  • Prevotella micans
  • Prevotella multiformis
  • Prevotella nigrescens
  • Prevotella oralis
  • Prevotella oris
  • Prevotella oulorum
  • Prevotella pallens
  • Prevotella salivae
  • Prevotella stercorea
  • Prevotella tannerae
  • Prevotella timonensis
  • Prevotella veroralis
  • References

    Prevotella Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    Bacteria
    Fusobacterium
    Porphyromonas gingivalis
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L