New World porcupine
| Brazilian porcupine, Bicolored‑spined porcupine, Rothschild's porcupine, Black dwarf porcupine, Andean porcupine|
The prehensile-tailed porcupines or coendous (genus Coendou) are found in Central and South America. Two other formerly recognized Neotropical tree porcupine genera, Echinoprocta and Sphiggurus, have been subsumed into Coendou, since Sphiggurus was shown by genetic studies to be polyphyletic, while Echinoprocta nested within Coendou.
Among the most notable features of Coendou porcupines are their unspined prehensile tails. The front and hind feet are also modified for grasping. These limbs all contribute to making this animal an adept climber, an adaptation to living most of their lives in trees.
They feeds on leaves, shoots, fruits, bark, roots, and buds. They can be pests of plantation crops. They also make a distinctive "baby-like" sound to communicate in the wild.
Young are born with soft hair that hardens to quills with age. Adults are slow-moving and will roll into a ball when threatened and on the ground. The record longevity is 27 years.Genus Coendou - prehensile-tailed porcupinesBaturite porcupine - C. baturitensis - a newly discovered species
Bicolored-spined porcupine - C. bicolor
Streaked dwarf porcupine - C. ichillus
Bahia porcupine - C. insidiosus
Black-tailed hairy dwarf porcupine - C. melanurus
Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine - C. mexicanus
Black dwarf porcupine - C. nycthemera
Brazilian porcupine - C. prehensilis
Frosted hairy dwarf porcupine - C. pruinosus
Andean porcupine - C. quichua
Roosmalen's dwarf porcupine - C. roosmalenorum
Rothschild's porcupine - C. rothschildi
Stump-tailed porcupine - C. rufescens
Santa Marta porcupine - C. sanctamartae
Coandumirim - C. speratus - a newly discovered species
Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine - C. spinosus
Brown hairy dwarf porcupine - C. vestitus
Prehensile-tailed porcupine Wikipedia