Trisha Shetty (Editor)

Prehensile tailed porcupine

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Kingdom  Animalia
Subfamily  Erethizontinae
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Genus
Family  Erethizontidae
Scientific name  Coendou
Higher classification  New World porcupine
Order  Rodent
Prehensile-tailed porcupine Prehensiletailed Porcupine City of Edmonton
Lower classifications  Brazilian porcupine, Bicolored‑spined porcupine, Rothschild's porcupine, Black dwarf porcupine, Andean porcupine

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The prehensile-tailed porcupines or coendous (genus Coendou) are found in Central and South America. Two other formerly recognized Neotropical tree porcupine genera, Echinoprocta and Sphiggurus, have been subsumed into Coendou, since Sphiggurus was shown by genetic studies to be polyphyletic, while Echinoprocta nested within Coendou.

Contents

Prehensile-tailed porcupine Prehensiletailed porcupine Wikipedia

Characteristics

Among the most notable features of Coendou porcupines are their unspined prehensile tails. The front and hind feet are also modified for grasping. These limbs all contribute to making this animal an adept climber, an adaptation to living most of their lives in trees.

Prehensile-tailed porcupine Charles Paddock Zoo PrehensileTailed Porcupine

They feeds on leaves, shoots, fruits, bark, roots, and buds. They can be pests of plantation crops. They also make a distinctive "baby-like" sound to communicate in the wild.

Prehensile-tailed porcupine cdnscinewscomimagesenlargeimage1588eCoendo

Young are born with soft hair that hardens to quills with age. Adults are slow-moving and will roll into a ball when threatened and on the ground. The record longevity is 27 years.

Species

Prehensile-tailed porcupine Prehensiletailed porcupine Smithsonian39s National Zoo
  • Genus Coendou - prehensile-tailed porcupines
  • Baturite porcupine - C. baturitensis - a newly discovered species
  • Bicolored-spined porcupine - C. bicolor
  • Streaked dwarf porcupine - C. ichillus
  • Bahia porcupine - C. insidiosus
  • Black-tailed hairy dwarf porcupine - C. melanurus
  • Mexican hairy dwarf porcupine - C. mexicanus
  • Black dwarf porcupine - C. nycthemera
  • Brazilian porcupine - C. prehensilis
  • Frosted hairy dwarf porcupine - C. pruinosus
  • Andean porcupine - C. quichua
  • Roosmalen's dwarf porcupine - C. roosmalenorum
  • Rothschild's porcupine - C. rothschildi
  • Stump-tailed porcupine - C. rufescens
  • Santa Marta porcupine - C. sanctamartae
  • Coandumirim - C. speratus - a newly discovered species
  • Paraguaian hairy dwarf porcupine - C. spinosus
  • Brown hairy dwarf porcupine - C. vestitus

  • Prehensile-tailed porcupine What Is a PrehensileTailed Porcupine YouTube

    References

    Prehensile-tailed porcupine Wikipedia


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