Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Potassium bifluoride

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Formula  HF2K
Molar mass  78.103 g/mol
Appearance  colourless solid
Melting point  239 °C
Density  2.37 g/cm³
Potassium bifluoride https4imimgcomdata4LYHHMY956660potassiu

Potassium bifluoride is the inorganic compound with the formula KHF2. This colourless salt consists of the potassium cation and the bifluoride (HF2) anion. The salt is used in etchant for glass. Sodium bifluoride is related and is also of commercial use as an etchant as well as in cleaning products.

Contents

Nature of the chemical bond in the bifluoride anion

Potassium bifluoride, as its name indicates, contains a bifluoride, or hydrogen(difluoride) anion: HF2. This centrosymmetric triatomic anion features the strongest known hydrogen bond, with a F−H length of 114 pm, and a bond energy greater than 155 kJ mol−1.

Synthesis and reactions

The salt was prepared by Edmond Frémy who decomposed it to generate, for the first time, hydrogen fluoride. Potassium bifluoride is prepared by treating potassium carbonate or potassium hydroxide with hydrofluoric acid:

2 HF + KOH → KHF2 + H2O

The electrolysis of KHF2 was used by Henri Moissan to isolate the element fluorine in 1886.

A related material containing two equivalents of HF is also known, KH2F3 (CAS#12178-06-2, m.p. 71.7 C). The industrial production of fluorine entails the electrolysis of molten KH2F3.

References

Potassium bifluoride Wikipedia


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