Girish Mahajan

Porphin

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Formula  C20H14N4
Appearance  Dark red, shiny leaflets
Molar mass  310.352 g/mol
Porphin Patent EP0071991B1 Improved fluoro immuno assay system Google

Calcium carbonate and porphin reaction


Porphin, sometimes spelled porphine, is the parent chemical compound for types of biochemically significant compounds called porphyrins. The chemical formula of porphin is C20H14N4. Porphin is an organic compound that is aromatic and heterocyclic since its chemical structure, shown at right, essentially consists of four pyrrole rings joined together by four methine (=CH—) groups to form a larger macrocycle ring. The compound itself is a solid.

Contents

How to make porphin from chlorophyll


Structural characteristics of porphin

Porphin Patent EP0176446A2 System for the extraction and utilization of

Around the perimeter of the macrocycle ring, there is a cyclic chain of sp2 hybridized carbon atoms, all of which are part of a conjugated double bond system, giving the molecule its aromatic character. Resonance structures for porphin can be drawn as shown below here.

Porphin httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsdd

The aromatic character of porphin stems both from its conjugation as well as its flat or planar geometry, meaning that all the atoms lie in a single plane. Bonded to the cyclic chain of carbons are four nitrogen atoms facing the center of the molecule, two of which are bonded to hydrogen atoms and the other two nitrogens forming part of the conjugated double bond system.

Complex with metal in the center

Porphin FilePorphinsvg Wikimedia Commons

If the two nitrogens give up their hydrogens, the four central nitrogen atoms can act as ligands to bond to a metal ion in the center of the molecule. This is often the case with biological porphyrin compounds, especially with an iron atom in the center. When there is no metal ion (or atom) bound to the nitrogens in the center, then the compounds are called free porphin or free porphyrins. If they are bonded to a metal in the center, then they are bound. A porphyrin with an iron atom of the type found in myoglobin, hemoglobin, or certain cytochromes is called heme. See the Porphyrin article for further details.

Porphin FilePorphinsvg Wikimedia Commons

Compounds similar to porphin are the parent compounds for similar ring systems with other central metal atoms in biochemistry. These include chlorin, which has a magnesium atom in several types of chlorophyll; bacteriochlorin, found in bacteriochlorophyll; and corrin, which has a cobalt atom in cobalamin or vitamin B12.

Porphin Chemical fragments

References

Porphin Wikipedia


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