Neha Patil (Editor)

Ponginae

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Primates
Higher classification  Great apes
Phylum  Chordata
Suborder  Haplorhini
Rank  Subfamily
Ponginae Ponginae Imgur
Lifespan  Bornean orangutan: 35 – 45 years
Height  Bornean orangutan: 1.2 – 1.4 m, Sumatran orangutan: 1.4 m
Mass  Bornean orangutan: 50 – 100 kg, Sumatran orangutan: 45 kg
Lower classifications  Orangutan, Rama's ape

Ponginae is a subfamily in the family Hominidae. Once a diverse lineage of Eurasian apes, it is now represented by two species of orangutans, the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii), and the Bornean orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus). The Sumatran orangutan is now listed as critically endangered by the IUCN and the Bornean orangutan is listed as endangered.

Contents

Ponginae Ponginae

Evolutionary history

Ponginae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

The first pongine genera appear in the Miocene, Sivapithecus and Khoratpithecus, six or seven million years before evidence of orangutans was found from Pleistocene south-east Asia and southern China. Ponginae may also include the genera Lufengpithecus, Ankarapithecus, and Gigantopithecus. However phylogenetic analysis in 2004 which originally found Lufengpithecus and Ankarapithecus to be most closely related to the orangutan gave different results "under an analytical method that attempted to reduce stratigraphic incongruence", instead placing them on the base of the stem of the African ape-human clade.

Ponginae Ponginae Wikipdia

The most well-known fossil genus of Ponginae is Sivapithecus, consisting of several species from 12.5 million to 8.5 million years ago. It differs from orangutans in dentition and postcranial morphology.

Taxonomy

Ponginae

Ponginae Ponginae
  • Lufengpithecini†
  • Lufengpithecus
  • Lufengpithecus lufengensis
  • Lufengpithecus keiyuanensis
  • Lufengpithecus hudienensis
  • Sivapithecini†
  • Ankarapithecus
  • Ankarapithecus meteai
  • Sivapithecus
  • Sivapithecus brevirostris
  • Sivapithecus punjabicus
  • Sivapithecus parvada
  • Sivapithecus sivalensis
  • Sivapithecus indicus
  • Gigantopithecus
  • Gigantopithecus bilaspurensis
  • Gigantopithecus blacki
  • Gigantopithecus giganteus
  • Pongini
  • Khoratpithecus
  • Khoratpithecus ayeyarwadyensis
  • Khoratpithecus piriyai
  • Khoratpithecus chiangmuanensis
  • Pongo (orangutans)
  • Pongo hooijeri
  • Pongo weidenreichi
  • Sumatran orangutan, Pongo abelii
  • Bornean orangutan, Pongo pygmaeus
  • Griphopithecini†
  • Griphopithecus

  • Ponginae Ponginae Wikipedia la enciclopedia libre

    References

    Ponginae Wikipedia


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