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Polytrimethylene terephthalate

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Polytrimethylene terephthalate (PTT), is a polyester synthesized and patented in 1941. It is produced by a method called condensation polymerization or transesterification. The two monomer units used in producing this polymer are: 1,3-propanediol and terephthalic acid or dimethyl terephthalate. Similar to polyethylene terephthalate, the PTT is used to make carpet fibers.

Contents

Polytrimethylene terephthalate Patent EP2370491A2 Biobased terephthalate polyesters Google Patents

PTT's value as a commercial polymer has improved due to more economical and efficient methods to produce 1,3-propanediol in the 1980s by Degussa, via acrolein, and Shell via the hydroformylation of ethylene oxide. DuPont has successfully commercialized the production of this polymer via 1,3-propanediol obtained by fermentation. These developments may allow PTT to effectively compete against PBT and PET, two polyesters that have been far more successful than PTT to date.

Production

Polytrimethylene terephthalate httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Similar to the ubiquitous poly(ethylene terephthalate), this polymer is prepared by the esterification of 1,3-propanediol (HO(CH2)3OH) with terephthalic acid (C6H4(COOH)2), or by transesterification of dimethyl terephthalate:

C6H4(COOH)2 + HO(CH2)3OH → [O2CC6H4CO2(CH2)3)]n + 2 H2O C6H4(COOCH3)2 + HO(CH2)3OH → [O2CC6H4CO2(CH2)3)]n + 2 CH3OH

This polymer has been commercialized as Sorona by DuPont.

Applications

Polytrimethylene terephthalate FilePolytrimethylene terephthalatesvg Wikimedia Commons

On Friday, March 20, 2009, the Federal Trade Commission approved a subclass to traditional polyester called triexta. The PTT fiber that is currently used in Mohawk's SmartStrand carpet as well as Dupont uses with their brand Sorona, can now be labeled triexta.

Polytrimethylene terephthalate PolyTrimethylene Terephthalate Polymer for Fibers

The FTC last approved an extension for residential carpet in 1959. The process of getting the FTC to approve the triexta polyester subclass was a joint effort between Mohawk Industries and DuPont. The process started back in 2006 and took nearly 3 years to be approved.

Polytrimethylene terephthalate Polytrimethylene terephthalate PTT yarns Corterra
Polytrimethylene terephthalate Honda FCX Clarity Ultimatecarpagecom forums
Polytrimethylene terephthalate

References

Polytrimethylene terephthalate Wikipedia


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