Neha Patil (Editor)


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Scientific name

Higher classification
Polysiphonia Polysiphonia Occurrence Thallus Structure and Reproduction

red algae, Rhodomelaceae, Ceramium, Ceramiales, Ectocarpus

Polysiphonia is a genus of filamentous red alga with about 19 species on the coasts of the British Isles  and about 200 species world-wide, including Crete in Greece, Antarctica and Greenland.  Its members are known by a number of common names. It is in the Order Ceramiales and Family Rhodomelaceae. 


Polysiphonia Life cycle of Polysiphonia Rhodophyta Red algae



Polysiphonia Polysiphonia Occurrence Features and Reproduction

Polysiphonia is a red alga, filamentous and usually well branched, with some plants reaching a length of about 30 cm. They are attached by rhizoids or haptera  to a rocky surface or other alga. The thallus (tissue) consists of fine branched filaments each with a central axial filament supporting pericentral cells. The number of these pericentral cells, 4–24, is used in identification.  Polysiphonia elongata  shows a central axial cell with 4 periaxial cells with cortical cells growing over the outside on the older fronds.  Its cuticle contains bromine.

Polysiphonia Important Modes of Reproduction found in the class Polysiphonia

Features used in identification include the number of pericentral cells, the cortication of main branches, constriction of young branches at their base, whether the branching dichotomous or spiral, and the width and length of thalli.

Distribution and ecology

Polysiphonia The Occurrence and the Structure of Thallus of Polysiphonia

Species have been recorded from Europe, Australia and New Zealand, North America and South America, islands in the Pacific Ocean, South Africa, southwest Asia, Japan, Greenland and Antarctica. 

Polysiphonia wwwvattenkikarengusefaktaarteralgaerhodophy

The species are entirely marine, found growing on rock, other algae, mussels or limpets and artificial substrata etc. from mid-littoral to at least 27 m depth. Many species are abundant in rock poolsPolysiphonia lanosa is commonly found growing on Ascophyllum nodosum. 

Reproduction and Life cycle

Polysiphonia Polysiphonia Occurrence Thallus Structure and Reproduction

The life-cycle of the red algae has three stages (triphasic). In Polysiphonia it consists of a sequence of a gametangial, carpospoangial and tetrasporangial phases.  Male (haploid) plants (the male gametophytes) produce spermatia and the female plants (the female gametophytes) produce the carpogonium (the haploid carpogonium) which remains attached to the parent female plant. After fertilization the diploid nucleus migrates and fuses with an auxiliary cell. A complex series of fusions and developments follow as the diploid zygote develops to become the carposporophyte, this is a separate phase of the life-cycle and is entirely parasitic on the female, it is surrounded by the haploid pericarp of the parent female plant. The diploid carpospores produced in the carposporangium when released are non-motile, they settle and grow to form filamentous diploid plants similar to the gametophyte. This diploid plant is the tetrasporophyte which when adult produced spores in fours after meiosis. These spores settle and grow to become the male and female plants thus completing the cycle. 


Polysiphonia Wikipedia