Harman Patil

Polyphyodont

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Gestation period  Dugong: 12 months
Polyphyodont Buzz Hoot Roar Vocabulary Friday Polyphyodont
Mass  Dugong: 300 kg, Saltwater crocodile: 400 – 1,000 kg
Lifespan  Saltwater crocodile: 70 years, Nile crocodile: 70 – 100 years, American alligator: 30 – 50 years
Speed  Saltwater crocodile: 24 – 29 km/h
Length  Dugong: 2.6 m, Saltwater crocodile: 4.3 – 5.2 m
Clutch size  Saltwater crocodile: 40 – 60, Nile crocodile: 25 – 80
Representative species  Dugong, Saltwater crocodile, Nile crocodile, Gharial, American alligator

A polyphyodont is any animal whose teeth are continually replaced. In contrast, diphyodonts are characterized by having only two successive sets of teeth.

Polyphyodont Buzz Hoot Roar Vocabulary Friday Polyphyodont

Polyphyodonts include most toothed fishes, many reptiles such as crocodiles, geckos, and most other vertebrates, mammals being the main exception. New, permanent teeth grow in the jaws, usually under or just behind the old tooth, from stem cells in the dental lamina. Young animals typically have a full set of teeth when they hatch; there is no tooth change in the egg. Within days, tooth replacement begins, usually in the back of the jaw continuing forward like a wave. On average a tooth is replaced every few months.

Polyphyodont Tooth development and eruption certified fixed orthodontic course

Crocodilia are the only non-mammalian vertebrates with tooth sockets. Alligators grow a successional tooth (a small replacement tooth) under each mature functional tooth for replacement once a year, each tooth being replaced up to 50 times in the alligator's life. Crocodilia are researched for tooth regeneration in humans.

Polyphyodont 16 Developmental plasticity in the dentition of a heterodont

Evolution in mammals

Polyphyodont httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

Kangaroos, elephants and manatees are unusual among mammals because they are polyphyodonts, in contrast to most other mammals which replace their teeth only once in their lives (diphyodont). Although most extant mammals are not polyphyodont, mammalian ancestors were. During the evolution of Therapsida, there was a period during which mammals were so small and short-lived that wear on the teeth yielded no significant selection pressure to constantly replace them. Instead, mammals evolved different types of teeth which formed a unit able to crack the exoskeleton of arthropods. Molars came later in their evolution (as earlier in cerapods and Diplodocus). Mammals chew (masticate) their food which requires a set of firmly attached, strong teeth and a "full" tooth row without gaps.

Polyphyodont A fun and easy way to remember 39polyphyodont39 in Biology Memrise

The manatees have no incisor or canine teeth, just a set of cheek teeth, which are not clearly differentiated into molars and premolars. These teeth are continuously replaced throughout life, with new teeth growing at the rear as older teeth fall out from farther forward in the mouth, a process known as "hind molar progression" or “Marching Molars”.

Polyphyodont WN polyphyodont

References

Polyphyodont Wikipedia


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