Politics of Alderney takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic British Crown dependency, whereby the President of the States of Alderney is the head of government. Alderney is part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey but is largely self-governing.
Before the 1949 reforms, Alderney's legislature had no political affiliation as all positions in the States of Alderney (French: États d'Aurigny) were appointed. It consisted of the Governor of Alderney, until the holder in 1825 sold it back to the Crown and no further appointments were made, the Judge of Alderney, six Jurats, Alderney's court officers, a Douzainier-Delegate and four Douzainiers appointed by the Alderney ratepayers. In 1923, the first democratically elected members were created with three People's Deputies being added to the States of Alderney.
Until the reform of 1948, the States of Alderney consisted of:Governor of Alderney (vacant from 1825)
the Judge (appointed by the Crown, equivalent of the Bailiff in Guernsey and Jersey)
6 Jurats (appointed by the Crown)
the officers of the Court of Alderney
4 Douzainiers (elected annually by the ratepayers)
a Douzainier-Delegate (appointed by the Douzaine)
3 People's Deputies (elected by the voters for a three-year mandate; added in 1923)
In 1949, a new constitution for Alderney was instituted with Alderney becoming part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. The States of Alderney's membership was changed because of the law.
The States of Alderney was made up of the President of the States of Alderney and nine elected members. Two members of the States of Alderney are also selected to represent Alderney in the States of Guernsey.
While Alderney enjoys full autonomy in law (except in matters of foreign affairs and defense, as the other Channel Islands and the Isle of Man), under the provisions of a formal agreement (known as "the 1948 Agreement") entered into between the Government of Alderney and the Government of Guernsey, certain matters have been delegated to Guernsey. These are known as 'the transferred services'.
Transferred services include policing, customs and excise, airport operations, health, education, social services, childcare and adoption. (The States of Alderney retains policy control of aviation to and from the Island).
In return for the cost of providing the transferred services, Guernsey levies various taxes and duties on Alderney.
The States of Alderney now consists of:President, directly elected every four years
The President of the States of Alderney is Stuart Trought; in October 2012 he was re-appointed for a further four-year period to December 2016 whereupon it was extended for a further four years to 2020.Ten States Members, half elected every two years for a four-year mandate. The whole island is a single constituency.
Note  Alderney representatives to the States of Guernsey
An election for President is scheduled for 2020 with an ordinary election for 2018.
There are no political parties in Alderney mirroring a similar situation in fellow Channel Islands, Jersey and Guernsey where all people standing for election are non-affiliated. In 2005, the President Sir Norman Browse made a call for members not to become affiliated with "pressure groups and single issue causes".