Suvarna Garge (Editor)


Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Testudines
Scientific name  Podocnemididae
Rank  Family
Phylum  Chordata
Suborder  Pleurodira
Higher classification  Pleurodira
Podocnemididae Testudines Podocnemididae Tracaj Podocnemis unifilis T Flickr
Lower classifications  Podocnemis, Yellow‑spotted river turtle, Arrau turtle, Six‑tubercled Amazon River turtle, Magdalena River turtle


Podocnemididae is a family of pleurodire turtles native to Madagascar and northern South America. Podocnemidid turtles are commonly called "side-necked turtles" in direct reference to their inability to retract their heads backwards, but hide them sideways. These turtles are all aquatic, inhabiting streams and other flowing water. Their shells are streamlined to aid in swimming.


Podocnemididae Flickr photos tagged podocnemididae Picssr


Taxonomy and systematics

Podocnemididae Flickriver Most interesting photos tagged with podocnemis

Podocnemididae has been merged into the closely related family Pelomedusidae as the subfamily Podocnemidinae. Some authors still maintain this classification, but here it is preferred to keep them distinct families in the superfamily Pelomedusoidea instead.

The family Podocnemididae contains only three living genera, two of them monotypic:

  • Erymnochelys – Madagascan big-headed turtle
  • Peltocephalus – big-headed Amazon River turtle
  • Podocnemis – South American side-necked river turtles

  • Podocnemididae httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

    The family also contains several prehistoric genera, including Albertwoodemys, Bairdemys, Bauruemys, Brontochelys, Caninemys, Cordichelys, Dacquemys, Lapparentemys, Latentemys, Lemurchelys, Mogharemys, Neochelys, Papoulemys, Peiropemys, Pricemys, Shweboemys, Stereogenys, Turkanemys, Cambaremys, Carbonemys, Cerrejonemys, Kenyemys, Roxochelys and Stupendemys. Stupendemys lived around 5.5 million years ago in northern South America, and was the largest freshwater turtle and the largest pleurodire known to date.

    Podocnemididae Podocnemididae Wikipedia
    Podocnemididae Podocnemididae Wikipedia


    Podocnemididae Wikipedia