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Podkarpackie Voivodeship

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Country  Poland
University  Rzeszow University
Area  17,844 km2
Capital  Rzeszow
Population  2,101,732
Points of interest  Bieszczady Mountains, Dukla Pass, Museum of Folk Architecture - Sanok, Lancut Synagogue, Klin
Destinations  Rzeszow, Krosno, Stalowa Wola, Mielec, Przemysl

Podkarpackie Voivodeship or Podkarpackie Province (in Polish, wojewodztwo podkarpackie [voje?vut?stfo potkar?patsk?e, also known as Subcarpathian Voivodeship, is a voivodeship, or province, in extreme-southeastern Poland. Its administrative capital and largest city is Rzeszow. (Historically Lwow was the administrative center of this part of Poland, but after 1945, when Lwow became part of the Soviet Union, that citys role was relinquished to Rzeszow.)


Map of Podkarpackie Voivodeship

The voivodeship was created on 1 January 1999 out of the former Rzeszow, Przemysl, Krosno and (partially) Tarnow and Tarnobrzeg Voivodeships, pursuant to the Polish local-government reforms adopted in 1998. The name derives from the regions location near the Carpathian Mountains, and the voivodeship comprises areas of two historic regions of Eastern Europe — Lesser Poland (western and northwestern counties) and Red Ruthenia. In the Interbellum, Subcarpathian Voivodeship belonged to "Poland B", the less-developed, more rural parts of Poland. To boost the local economy, the government of the Second Polish Republic began in the mid-1930s a massive program of industrialization, known as the Central Industrial Region. The program created several major armament factories, including PZL Mielec, PZL Rzeszow, Huta Stalowa Wola, and factories in other Subcarpathian towns such as Debica, Nowa Deba, Sanok, Tarnobrzeg and Nowa Sarzyna.

It is bordered by Lesser Poland Voivodeship to the west, Swietokrzyskie Voivodeship to the north-west, Lublin Voivodeship to the north, Ukraine to the east and Slovakia to the south. It covers an area of 17,844 square kilometres (6,890 sq mi), and has a population of 2,096,971 (as at 2006). The voivodeship is mostly hilly or mountainous (see Bieszczady, Beskidy); its northwestern corner is flat. It is one of the most wooded Polish voivodeships (35.9% of total area), within its borders there is whole Bieszczady National Park, and parts of Magura National Park. Furthermore, the creation of Turnicki National Park is planned.


Podkarpackie Voivodeship in the past, History of Podkarpackie Voivodeship


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