Pillai, Pillay,or Pillaimar (Tamil: பிள்ளை,பிள்ளைமார், Malayalam: പിള്ള) is an upper caste title used by land-owning castes of Tamil- and Malayalam-speaking people of India, Sri Lanka and others living in Singapore, Malaysia, South Africa and Fiji, mostly from the Vellalar community in Tamil Nadu, Sri Lanka and Nair community in Kerala.
South African Tamils use the spelling Pillay, whereas some Sri Lankan castes may also uses same title.
'Pillai' , is an ancient honourable surname given to prince of ruling family in Tamil dynasties and to prominent members of Vellalars caste. At recent times been surname of various classes.
Vellalar is derived from tamil word 'Velanmai' means agriculture. Those who practice agriculture i.e 'வேளாண்மை'- Velanmai' in Tamil are called 'வேளாளர்' -Vellalar. Prominent members of Vellalars also hold title 'Vel'.
They are predominantly landlords and agriculturalists and In modern time most of them concentrate on business and trading also.
Vellalars are described as a landed gentry who irrigated the wet lands and the Karalar were the landed gentry in the dry lands.
Numerous poems in the ancient Sangam literature extol these chieftains' charity and truthfulness. Among the most prominent were those known as the 'seven patrons' (kadaiyezhu vallal); Vel-Pari, Malayaman Thirumudi Kaari, Ori, Adigaman, Began, Nalli and Ay Kandiran.
In modern times they entered in various fields.They also influential in the revival of Tamil tradition and literature.
Vellalars sub castes are formed according to their geographical presence of ancient Tamil Nadu.Following Vellalars sub castes using 'Pillai' surname are Karkathars, Sozhliya Vellalars, Pandiya Vellalars, Aarunattu Vellalars, Veerakodi Vellalars, Nanjil vellalars.
Vellala pillaimar predominantly residing in Cauvery Delta regions and in southern tamilnadu.Saiva VellalarsTirunelveli and Thanjavur Saiva vellalars are karkathars uses 'Pillai' surname. Thondaimandala saiva vellalars use 'Mudaliar' surname. They are vegetarians and classified as Forward caste.Saiva vellalars are also closely related with Desigars play an important role as head of various Saiva mutts ,These Adheenams ,helps to promote various social and cultural activities and supervises many famous temples present in Tamil Nadu.Nanjil Vellalars are from Kanyakumari district .They predominantly residing in Thovalai , Agastheewaram areas .Nangudi Vallalar are predominantly from Tirunelveli and TuticorinPandiya Vellalars are hailing from Madurai ,Theni ,Dindugul districts.Sozhliya Vellalars are predominantly from Cauvery delta region Trichy , Thanjavur, Tiruvarur, Nagapattinam districts and in East Salem areas.Karkathars significantly hailed from Mayiladuthurai ,Chidambaram, Kumbakonam areas.Aarunattu vellalars (Vellalars residing in six countries ie today six taluks ) predominantly present in Thuraiyur, Uraiyur, Manachanallur areas in Trichy district.Veerakodi Vellalar is a sub-caste of the Vellalar community with a significant proportion of population residing around Pattukottai in Thanjavur district. Collectively termed as Musugundha Nadu, named after the legendary early Chola king Musugundhan. Veerakodi Vellalar are also known as Musugundha Vellalar. Veerakodi Vellalars present other than Pattukottai are in few areas of Tiruvanamalai , Ramanathapuram districts.Karaikattu vellalars similar to Karkathars residing in Ramanathapuram, Virudhunagar,Sivagangai Districts.They are classified as Forward caste.Gotra system: Each Vellalar sub castes have their own gotra system . Predominantly they belong to Siva gotra because they are followers of saivism.karuneegar are well educated from earlier generations.Mostly employed as accountants present in Kanchipuram,cudalore,villupuram districts.They are vegetarians. They are called as karnam in chittor district of Andhra Pradesh.Isai vellalars from musical heritage Pioneers in carnatic music ,Bharathanatyam, Musical instrument belonged to tamil heritage nadaswaram , mirudangam. The Tamil Trinity (also known as the Tamil Moovar) commonly refers to the three Tamil composers of early Carnatic music. Muthu Thandavar Arunachala Kavi and Marimutthu Pillai .Promintent members of isai vellalar started using 'Pillai' surname.lllathupillaimar ,Nairs from kerala also uses the 'Pillai' surname.V. O. Chidambaram Pillai (1872–1936), Indian freedom fighter. popularly known by his initials, V.O.C. (spelt Vaa. Oo.Ce in Tamil), also known as Kappalottiya Tamilan "Champakaraman Pillai (1891–1934), freedom fighter from Travancore of Tamil descentSardar Vedaratnam Pillai (25 February 1897 – 24 August 1961) was an Indian freedom-fighter, a leader of the Indian National Congress and a famous philanthropist who served as an MLA for three terms over a period of 14 years.Pattom A. Thanu Pillai (1885–1970), Second Chief Minister of unified KeralP. Jeevanandham,Communist LeaderP. Jeevanandham (1907–1965) also called Jeeva, was a freedom fighter, social reformer, political leader, litterateur and one of the pioneers of the Communist and socialist movements in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.Gooty Kesava Pillai (1860–1933), Indian journalist and freedom-fighter. Delegate from Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh at the first session of the Indian National Congress.Kasthuri Pillai , IC5B Racism FighterT. S. Ramasamy Pillai (1918-2006), Freedom-fighter, politician and former Member of the Legislative Assembly (India).Manonmaniam Sundaram Pillai, eminent writer in Tamil literature; his poem "Niraarum Kadal Udutha" is the official Tamil AnthemNamakkal Kavignar Ramalingam Pillai, poet and freedom fighter.Kavimani Desigavinayagam Pillai, Indian freedom fighter, poetMaraimalai Adigal (Nagai Vedachalam Pillai) eminent Tamil orator and writer started Pure Tamil movement Tanittamil Iyakkam.Writer JayakanthanWriter jayamohanWriter Nanjil nadanWriter VannadasanWriter Marabin maindan muthiahSuki sivamNellai KannanVijaya Lakshmi NavaneethakrishnanSharada Nambi AaroranFilm IndustryKalaivanar N.S KrishnanPattukottai KalyanasundaramDirector S.A ChandrasekharDirector VikramanDirector Sundar CDirector SaranDirector DharaniActor'Ilaya thalapathy' VijayActor VijayakumarActor Arun VijayActor 'Vaigai Puyal 'VadiveluActor Suruli rajanActor Thambi RamaiahActor SivakarthikeyanActor Vijay Antony
PoliticiansL. Adaikalraj- member of parliament (congress) from TrichyA. L. Subramanian - EX Mayor Tirunelveli CorporationMadurai Muthu -EX Mayor Madurai CorporationA. R. Marimuthu- Ex MLA (Pattukkottai)K. Balasubramanian- Ex MLA (Pattukkottai)SM krishnan, Ex MLA Tambaram , INCK. Maruthachalam-Ex.MLA, AIADMK, Thondamuthur, CoimbatoreThalavai Sundaram- (ADMK) Former tamilnadu cabinet minister and member of ParliamentT.K.S. Elangovan(DMK) Rajya sabha memberA.Perumal pillai- Congress(INC),OmalurVijayadharani - M.L.AN.Suresh Rajan MLA (DMK) Former tamilnadu cabinet minister.Nanjil Manoharan EX MLA Former state cabinet minisiterB. S. Gnanadesikan -Tamil Nadu Congress CommitteeThiru Vellamandi R. Natarajan, Tourism minister of tamilnaduEntrepreneursB.Ravi Pillai is an Indian entrepreneur. He is the founder and managing director of RP Group of Companies.T Perumal Pillai (1914 - 1998), founder of South Travancore Hindu College, Nagarcoil; founder of People's Cooperative Bank, Nagarcoil; founder of People's building society, Salt processing owner; Landowner; Went to China to meet Chou En Lai, first premiere of Peoples Republic of China, to adopt Chinese methods for agriculture; Noted philanthropist for providing free education to young people with disadvantaged backgrounds; Non-religious, true believer in that all people are created equal - a man of the people.Notable people with the surname PillaiDr. Sivathanu Pillai, Head of Defence Research and Development OrganisationDhanraj Pillay (born 1968), Indian hockey playerNavanethem Pillay, South African Judge, UN High Commissioner for Human RightsA. R. Pillai, Indian freedom fighterAnanda Ranga Pillai (1709–61), dubash in the service of French East India CompanyV. N. Rajasekharan Pillai, current Vice Chancellor of Indira Gandhi National Open University IGNOUAriranga Pillay (born 1945), former Chief Justice and briefly Acting President of MauritiusArumuka Navalar, born as Kandar Arumugam Pillai, Hindu reformerCandice Pillay, born 1981, singer and songwriterChangampuzha Krishna Pillai, Malayalam poetDevasahayam Pillai (1712–52), Indian court official, controversial convert to ChristianityG. P. Pillai, barrister, established the first English newspaper in South IndiaK. C. Pillai, Doctor of Divinity, (1900–70) a Bishop-at-large of the Indian Orthodox Church, Antiochean Succession, Chennai (Madras), India.K. C. Sreedharan Pillai (1920–85), Indian mathematicianK. Thamboosamy Pillay (1850–1902), a prominent member of the Tamil community in British Malaya.L. D. Swamikannu Pillai, Indian astronomer, Speaker of Tamil Nadu AssemblyM. P. Narayana Pillai, a Malayalam writerMarimutthu Pillai, musicianMaruthanayagam Pillai (1725–64), Indian soldier and administrator also known as Muhammed Yusuf Khan.Nadakkal Parameswaran Pillai (born 1931), leader of Indian Coffee House movementNaraina Pillai, a social entrepreneur and businessmanNisha Pillai, Indian-born journalist and BBC news anchorP. Govinda Pillai, a Communist Party of India leaderPalani Subramaniam Pillai (1908–62), Carnatic music percussionistParavur TK Narayana Pillai (1890–1971), Indian freedom fighterPradani Muthirulappa Pillai, minister of Ramnad during the reign of Muthuramalinga SethupathyR. Balakrishna Pillai (born 1935), former State minister in KeralaRajmohan Pillai (born 1964), Indian businessmanG. Parameswaran Pillai (1890–1963), Dewan of TravancoreRao Bahadur P. I. Chinnaswamy Pillai, first Municipal Chairman of Palakkad, Kerala, IndiaRhea Pillai, Indian modelProfessor Sivathanu Pillai, born 1943, international civil servant in International Labor Organisation (ILO) in Africa; Confidante of several African presidents including Julius Neyrere of Tanzania, Milton Obote of Uganda, William Tolbert of Liberia and Félix Houphouët-Boigny of Ivory Coast; He has shaped public policy in transforming government owned entities to private sector competitiveness; Author of 7 books on micro economic policy and statistics.Sreekanteswaram Padmanabha Pillai, lexicographerSubbayya Sivasankaranarayana Pillai (1901–50), Indian mathematicianSwadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai, journalist and political activist. Translated Karl Marx's biography into MalayalamThakazhi Sivasankara Pillai (1912–99), Malayalam authorThiru Arul Pakyem Pillai, chemist, prominent Karachiite Tamil community leader and great-grandfather of politician Colonel Osborne Wrigley-Pimley-McKerr III