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Pierre Bosquet

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Allegiance  France
Service/branch  French Army
Years of service  1833–1861
Rank  Divisional general
Name  Pierre Bosquet
Other work  Senate
Education  Ecole Polytechnique

Born  8 November 1810 Mont-de-Marsan, France (1810-11-08)
Commands held  2nd Infantry Division, Army of the Orient II Corps, Army of the Orient
Battles/wars  Crimean War *Battle of Alma *Battle of Balaclava *Battle of Inkerman
Awards  Marshal of France Grand Cross of the Legion d’Honneur Medaille militaire GCB Order of the Medjidieh: 1st Class
Died  February 5, 1861, Pau, Pyrenees-Atlantiques, France
Similar People  Francois Certain Canrobert, FitzRoy Somerset - 1st Baron, Alexander Sergeyevich Menshikov, Franz Roubaud

Pierre François Joseph Bosquet (8 November 1810 – 5 February 1861) was a French Army general. He served during the conquest of Algeria and the Crimean War; returning from Crimea he was made Marshal of France and senator.



Bosquet was born in Mont-de-Marsan, Landes; he entered the artillery in 1833 and a year later went to Algeria. Here he soon made himself remarkable not only for technical skill but the moral qualities indispensable for high command. Becoming captain in 1839, he greatly distinguished himself at the actions of Sidi-Lakhdar and Oued-Melah. He was soon given the command of a battalion of native tirailleurs, and in 1843 was thanked in general orders for his brilliant work against the Flittahs.

In 1845 he became lieutenant-colonel, and in 1847 colonel of a French line regiment. In the following year he was in charge of the Oran district, where his swift suppression of an insurrection won him further promotion to the grade of general of brigade, in which rank he went through the campaign of Kabulia, receiving a severe wound. In 1853 he returned to France after nineteen years' absence, a general of division.

Bosquet was amongst the earliest chosen to serve in the Crimean War, and at the Battle of Alma his division led the French attack. When the Anglo-French troops formed the siege of Sevastopol, Bosquet's corps of two divisions protected them against interruption. His timely intervention at the Battle of Inkerman (5 November 1854) secured the victory for the allies. During 1855 Bosquet's corps occupied the right wing of the besieging armies opposite the Mamelon and Malakov. He himself led his corps at the storming of the Mamelon (7 June), and at the grand assault of 8 September he was in command of the whole of the storming troops. In the struggle for the Malakov he received another serious wound.

At the age of forty-five Bosquet, now one of the foremost soldiers in Europe, became a senator and a Marshal of France, but he was in poor health, and he lived only a few years longer. He was awarded the Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath, the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur and the Order of the Medjidie 1st Class.


Bosquet uttered the memorable line, referring to the Charge of the Light Brigade, C’est magnifique, mais ce n’est pas la guerre: c'est de la folie ("It is magnificent, but it is not war: it is madness").


  • Légion d'honneur
  • Knight (15 May 1838)
  • Officer (10 December 1849)
  • Commander (7 August 1851)
  • Grand Officer (21 October 1854)
  • Grand Cross (22 September 1855)
  • Médaille militaire (1 November 1855)
  • Honorary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (UK) (3 January 1856)
  • Crimea Medal (UK)
  • References

    Pierre Bosquet Wikipedia

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