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Philoponella vicina

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Covid-19
Kingdom  Animalia
Class  Arachnida
Family  Uloboridae
Scientific name  Philoponella vicina
Rank  Species
Subphylum  Chelicerata
Infraorder  Araneomorphae
Genus  Philoponella
Phylum  Arthropoda
Order  Spider
Similar  Philoponella, Octonoba, Uloboridae, Uloborus, Gasteracantha cancriformis

Philoponella vicina is a species of spider that does not use venom (characteristic of Uloboridae), but instead wraps its prey in hundreds of metres of spider silk to crush it to death. The spider then goes on to regurgitate digestive fluid into the shroud, then consuming the pre-digested liquid.

Stabilimenta occur in more than half of constructed orbs, most commonly with two lines pointing up and down from the spider. If only one radius is constructed, it is mostly constructed above the spider. Some spiders build resting webs that are not used for prey capture. These also sometimes feature stabilimenta, suggesting that prey capture plays no role in its construction. When disturbed, the spider flees up one of the stabilimentum lines.

Distribution

The spider is found natively from Mexico to Costa Rica.

References

Philoponella vicina Wikipedia


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Gasteracantha cancriformis
Philoponella
Uloboridae
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