Harman Patil (Editor)

Pedicularis canadensis

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Kingdom  Plantae
Family  Orobanchaceae
Scientific name  Pedicularis canadensis
Rank  Species
Order  Lamiales
Genus  Pedicularis
Higher classification  Pedicularis
Pedicularis canadensis wwwminnesotawildflowersinfoudatar9ndp23qpdpe
Similar  Pedicularis, Pedicularis lanceolata, Orobanchaceae, Lithospermum canescens, Castilleja coccinea

Urban herb walk pedicularis canadensis

Pedicularis canadensis is a flowering plant in the Orobanchaceae family and is also known as wood betony, beefsteak plant, Canadian lousewort, high heal-all, snaffles and Canada lousewort. It is found in thickets and dry, open wooded areas throughout Canada and the United States. It is a low, hairy plant with a broad whorl of tubular, hooded flowers on top of a segmented stalk. It has long, soft, hairy leaves (many are basal, growing tufted from roots), some 5 to 15 inches long, deeply incised and toothed, often reddish. A favorite of bees, its flowers bloom from April through June. The flowers range in color from a greenish-yellow to purplish-red, clustered on short, dense spikes. The fruit is a long brown seed capsule. It is a parasite, attaching to the roots of diverse species.


Pedicularis canadensis Pedicularis canadensis Wood Betony Minnesota Wildflowers

Medical Use

American Indians used a root infusion as a remedy for stomachaches, diarrhea, anemia and heart trouble and made a poultice for swellings, tumors and sore muscles.


Pedicularis canadensis Pedicularis canadensis Canadian lousewort forest lousewort Go Botany

Eaten by Iroquois as a vegetable, like spinach, it was also used by early Canadian settlers in soup. It was added to oats and used as horse feed by Native Americans.


Pedicularis canadensis Online Virtual Flora of Wisconsin Pedicularis canadensis

The Menomini called the root "enticer root" and carried it as a charm when determined on seducing the opposite sex. The root was also used to heal broken marriages by placing it in food the couple would both eat, hoping its magic would rekindle romance.

Pedicularis canadensis Wood Betony Pedicularis canadensis


Pedicularis canadensis Wikipedia