| Patricia Phelps|
William H. Phelps, Jr.
| Art Collector
William H. Phelps, Sr. (grandfather)
Gustavo Cisneros (m. 1970)
Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Wikipedia
Patricia "Patty" Phelps de Cisneros is a Venezuelan art collector and philanthropist who focuses on Latin American modernist and contemporary art from Brazil, Venezuela, and the Río de la Plata region of Argentina and Uruguay. Since the 1970s Cisneros has supported education and the arts, with a particular focus on Latin America. Along with her husband, Gustavo A. Cisneros, she founded the New York City and Caracas-based Fundación Cisneros. In the 1990s the Fundación’s primary art-related program became the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros. In 2016, Cisneros donated 102 modern and contemporary artworks from the 1940s to 1990s to the Museum of Modern Art, establishing the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Research Institute for the Study of Art from Latin America at MoMA.
Cisneros was born in Venezuela to mother, Miriam Louise Parker, and father, William Walther Phelps, a businessman. Her paternal great-grandfather was a noted businessman and ornithologist, William H. Phelps, Sr.. In 1953, William Henry Phelps and his son William H. Phelps Jr. started the first radio station in Venezuela, Radio Caracas Televisión Internacional (RCTV Internacional).
Cisneros received a BA in Philosophy from Wheaton College, Massachusetts, where she studied the educational philosophy of Alfred North Whitehead.
In 2003, Cisneros was awarded an honorary degree, an Honoris Causa degree in Fine Arts, from Wheaton College.
She was an MA candidate at NYU’s Gallatin School, and was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the Graduate Center of the City University of New York in 2015.
In her twenties, Cisneros became the founder and director of the language department of the Simon Bolívar University, Caracas. There, she developed an innovative audio-visual approach to teaching foreign languages. She also worked with Accion International and was a founding contributor of AVEPANE (Asociación Venezolana de Padres y Amigos de Niños Excepcionales).
Through the Fundación Cisneros, Patricia and Gustavo Cisneros launched a number of education initiatives: in Venezuela, a literacy program called ACUDE benefited over 300,000 citizens, and the Centro Mozarteum provided scholarships to young people to study classical music. The Fundación Cisneros also created [email protected], an educational television channel that reached over two million homes from Argentina to Mexico; AME, an international professional development program for teachers conducted through distance-learning; and Piensa en Arte, a methodological model for teaching critical thinking skills.
Currently, the Fundación Cisneros provides professional development in Venezuela and the Dominican Republic with the online platform called Tu Clase, tu país.
In the 1970s, during her travels across Latin America with her husband, Cisneros spent her time visiting artists in their studios and seeing art in local galleries and museums, and began actively purchasing and collecting artwork. Primarily collecting indigenous work during frequent expeditions through Venezuela, especially around the Orinoco in the Amazon River Basin.
As her collection grew, Cisneros saw that Latin American art was under-represented in the international art community, so the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros (CPPC) was formed in the 1990s, with a goal of bringing visibility and impact to the way Latin American art history is viewed and appreciated. That effort has included a four-pronged approach: An ambitious approach to lending artworks around the world, working with scholars and academics to learn more about the artists and their works, the creation of a publications program to provide supporting information about the artists and their work, and building an online forum for the artwork.
The CPPC is best-known for its collection of Modernist geometric abstraction from Latin America and also comprises holdings of Latin American landscapes by traveler artists to Latin America in the 17th to 19th centuries; furniture and art from Latin America’s colonial period; contemporary art from Latin America; and an important group of art and artifacts from indigenous peoples of Venezuela’s Amazonas region, the Orinoco Collection. The mission of the Colección Patricia Phelps de Cisneros is to enhance appreciation of the diversity, sophistication, and range of art from Latin America.
Gradually, Cisneros began acquiring geometric abstract artwork that had been under-appreciated. It gradually grew into a significant holding of 20th century Latin American abstract art. She has appeared on “top collector lists every year since 1998. Cisneros has been lending her collections to international exhibitions and institutions since 1999.
Cisneros credits her understanding of the importance of stewardship as a collector to her great-grandfather, William H Phelps, who meticulously cataloged his ornithological collection. She has said that her aesthetic developed as a result of having grown up in the modernist society of Caracas in the 1950s and 1960s.
Cisneros has had a long-term relationship with the Museum of Modern Art in New York. The 2016 donation of 102 modern and contemporary Latin American artworks from the 1940s to 1990s to the Museum of Modern Art, which establishes the Patricia Phelps de Cisneros Research Institute for the Study of Art from Latin America at MoMA, join the previous donation by Colección Cisneros of over 40 other previously donated works. The gift is meant to be transformative and impactful on how Latin American art is valued and recognized globally. The gift includes works by Lygia Clark, Lygia Pape, Jesús Rafael Soto, Alejandro Otero, and Tomás Maldonado. Additional highlights are works by Willys de Castro, Hélio Oiticica, Juan Mele, Mira Schendel, and Gego.
Cisneros has been married to Gustavo Cisneros since 1970. They have three children: Guillermo Cisneros, Carolina Cisneros de Rodríguez, and Adriana Cisneros, who is CEO and Vice Chairman of Grupo Cisneros.Current work
1986–present: Americas Society (New York, New York). The Americas Society was known as the Center for Inter-American Relations until October 16, 1986. 1981–present: Board of Directors; 1985–present: Chairman’s International Council; 1986–present: Cultural Council Committee
1992–present: Museum of Modern Art (New York, New York). Trustee; 2006: Founder and Chair, MoMA’s Latin American and Caribbean Fund; Member of other MoMA Committees
2001–present: Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts). Committee to Visit the Harvard University Art Museums
2004–present: Aspen Institute (Aspen, Colorado). 2004–present: Art Advisory Committee; 2004-2010: Society of Fellows, Presidential level
2007–present: Patronato Internacional del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado (Madrid, Spain). Founding International Trustee
2011–present: Museum Berggruen (Berlin, Germany). International Council
2014–present: Fundación Museo Reina Sofía, Museo Reina Sofía (Madrid, Spain). 2014–present: Founding Patron; 2015–present: Nominating and Governance Committee
2015–present: The Feuerle Collection (Berlin, Germany). Founding member, International Ambassadors
2015–present: Círculo Internacional de la Escuela de Música Reina Sofía, Museo Reina Sofía, (Madrid, Spain). International Patron
2016–present: Fundação Bienal de São Paulo, São Paulo Art Biennial (São Paulo, Brasil). Founding International Advisory Board member
1970-1980: Museo de Bellas Artes (Caracas, Venezuela). Board member and member of the Friends of the Museo de Bellas Artes
1980-1983: Just One Break (JOB) (New York, New York). Board Member
1985-1993: New York Botanical Garden (New York, New York). Board member
1987-1990: Sinfonietta Caracas (Caracas, Venezuela). Advisory Board
1991: Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofía, Museo Reina Sofía. Founding Patron
1992-1996: Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, New York). Chairman’s Council
1994-2011: Harvard University (Cambridge, Massachusetts). 1994: Founding board member; 1998-2011: Advisory Committee, David Rockefeller Center for Latin American Studies
1997-2000: Archer M. Huntington Art Gallery, University of Texas at Austin (Austin, Texas). Latin American Advisory Group
1997-2003: Programa Andes Tropicales (Mérida, Venezuela). Founding member, Board of Directors
1998-2012: Casita Maria (New York, New York). 1998-2008: Board member; 2008-2012: Chairman’s Council
2003-2014: Tate (London, England). 2003-2014: Founding member of Latin American Acquisitions Committee; 2003-2008: International Council
2004-2006: UBS (New York, New York). Art Advisory Board
2009-2017: International Committee of International Council of Museums (ICOM) for Museums and Collections of Modern Art (CIMAM). Founding Member
2011-2014: American Friends of the Fondation Beyeler, Beyeler Foundation (Basel, Switzerland). Member
2011-2014: Association Centre Pompidou América Latina, Centre Georges Pompidou (París, France). Founding Member
1986: Order of Andrés Bello (Caracas, Venezuela) − Venezuelan government. Granted in recognition of her contribution to the cultural development of the country (en reconocimiento a su contribución al desarollo cultural de país), Band of Honor, first class
1986: Order of Good Citizen (Caracas, Venezuela) − City Council of Caracas. Granted for community leadership.
1991: Order of Francisco de Miranda (Caracas, Venezuela) − Venezuelan government. Granted to citizens who have exemplified outstanding merits (logros excepcionales como ciudadano)
1999: Order of Simón Bolívar, Venezuela
2000: Leone d’Oro di San Marco, awarded to the Colección Orinoco program area of the Fundación Cisneros
2002: Cross of Ordre national de la Légion d'honneur − Republic of France* 2003: Honorary degrees in Fine Arts − Wheaton College, (Norton, Massachusetts)
2005: Recipient, medals of Honor, Ministry of Culture, Colombia, for work in promoting education and culture in Latin America (2 medals: Senado de la República, Orden del Congreso de Colombia en el grado de Cemendados; and Camara de la Democracia Simón Bolivar en el grado cruz de comendador)
2008: Americas Society’s Gold Medal − Americas Society (New York, New York)
2008: The Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney Award for Outstanding Patronage of the Arts − Skowhegan School of Painting and Sculpture (New York, New York)
2010: The Iris Foundation Award − Bard Graduate Center: Decorative Arts, Design History, Material Culture (New York, New York)
2013: Distinguished Service in the Arts award − ArtTable (New York, New York)
2013: The Gran Cruz de la Orden Civil de Alfonso X el Sabio − Monarchy of Spain (Spain)
2015: Medalla de Oro al Mérito en las Bellas Artes − Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte de España (Spain)
2015: Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters Degree − Graduate Center of the City University of New York (New York, New York)
2017: Recipient − Premio Iberoamericano de Mecenazgo (Madrid, Spain)
2017: Leo Award − Independent Curators International
Cisneros, Patricia Phelps de (2016). "Reinvention: Collector as Custodian". In Holo, Selma; Alvarez, Mari-Tere. Remix: Changing Conversations in Museums of the Americas. Oakland, California: University of California Press. pp. 200–203. ISBN 978-0-52-028452-4. OCLC 921821810.