Pathalgada (Hindi: पथलगडा) (also spelled Pathalgora) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Simaria subdivision of Chatra district, Jharkhand state, India.
Chatra district forms a part of the Upper Hazaribagh Plateau, Lower Hazaribagh Plateau and northern scarp. Located at an elevation of about 450 metres (1,476 ft), the general slope of the district is from north to south. Red laterite acidic soil predominates in an area that is primarily dependent upon rain-fed agriculture. Around 60% of the district is covered with forests. The district has a population density of 275 persons per sq km. Around two-thirds of the families in the district live below poverty line. In the extreme south of the district some portions of Tandwa CD Block are part of North Karanpura Coalfield.
Jharkhand is one of the states affected by Maoist activities. As of 2012, Chatra was one of the 14 highly affected districts in the state. 5 persons were killed in Chatra district in 2012, but Maoist activities, such as arms training camps and organisation of ‘Jan Adalats’ (kangaroo courts) were on the decline. As of 2016, Chatra was identified as one of the 13 focus areas by the state police to check Maoist activities.
Pathalgada is located at 24°7′37″N 85°4′8″E.
Pathalgada CD Block is bounded by Gidhour CD Block in the north, Katkamsandi CD Block, in Hazaribagh district, in the east, Simaria CD Block in the south and Chatra CD Block in the west.
It is located 17 km from Chatra, the district headquarters.
Pathalgada CD Block has an area of 133.21 km2.
There are 5 panchayats and 30 villages in Pathalgada CD Block.
Gram panchayats of Pathalgada block/ panchayat samiti are: Nawadih damaul, Barwadih, Singhani, Noganw and Meral.
As per the 2011 Census of India Pathalgora CD Block had a total population of 31,530, all of which were rural. There were 15,867 (50%) males and 15,663 (50%) females. Population below 6 years was 5,475. Scheduled Castes numbered 7,927 (25.14%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 1,163 (3.69%).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Pathalgora CD Block was 17,558 (67.39% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 10,226 (78.34% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 7,332 (46.85% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 31.53%.
As per the 2011 census, literacy in Chatra district was 60.18% Literacy in Jharkhand (for population over 7 years) was 66.41% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
Magahi is the local language in Chatra district. Nagpuri, Khortha, Hindi and Urdu are also spoken in the region.