Suvarna Garge (Editor)

Papyrus gonolek

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Kingdom  Animalia
Order  Passeriformes
Genus  Laniarius
Higher classification  Laniarius
Phylum  Chordata
Family  Malaconotidae
Scientific name  Laniarius mufumbiri
Rank  Species
Papyrus gonolek wwwhbwcomsitesdefaultfilesstylesibc1kpubl
Similar  Bird, White‑winged warbler, Black‑headed gonolek, Papyrus yellow warbler, Laniarius

The papyrus gonolek (Laniarius mufumbiri) is a species of bird in the Malaconotidae family. It is found in Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, and Uganda. It has specialised habitat requirements, being restricted to papyrus swamps. Not yet a threatened species, it has become rare due to habitat loss and pollution.

Contents

Papyrus gonolek Blackheaded Gonolek a gallery on Flickr

Description

Papyrus gonolek Papyrus gonolek videos photos and facts Laniarius mufumbiri ARKive

The papyrus gonolek is a medium-sized bush-shrike some 18 cm (7 in). The sexes are similar; the crown is dull yellow, the head, upper parts, wings and tail are black apart from a broad white bar on the wings. The breast and upper belly are vivid orange-crimson, and the lower belly whitish.

Ecology

Papyrus gonolek Papyrus Gonolek Kibale NP H8O430951 Francesco Veronesi Flickr

This species is difficult to observe and has been little studied. It occurs singly or in pairs in papyrus swamps, lurking among the vegetation and only flying occasionally, usually a short distance over water to another patch of papyrus. Its presence can often be detected by its calls, which consist of brief whistles and grating tearing sounds which have been rendered as "U-tzeu-U-tzee". Sometimes two birds duet. The diet consists mainly of insects such as beetles, flies and ants, but also includes snails, fruit and seeds when available. Little is known of its breeding biology, but the nest is probably built in a small bush in reedbeds.

Status

Papyrus gonolek Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri videos photos and sound

The papyrus gonolek has specialist habitat requirements, being restricted to swampy areas in river systems and around lake shores. It is vulnerable to such threats as drainage of wetlands, burning and pollution caused by run-off from agricultural land. It is however a common species and it has been estimated that there may be two million adult birds. On this basis, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has rated its conservation status as being "near threatened".

Papyrus gonolek Papyrus Gonolek Laniarius mufumbiri While walking on a dirt road
Papyrus gonolek Papyrus Gonolek Archives John Caddick John Caddick

References

Papyrus gonolek Wikipedia


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