Girish Mahajan (Editor)

Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company

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Covid-19
Type  Public
Fate  Collapsed 1933
Headquarters  Jarrow, United Kingdom
Successor  Armstrong Whitworth
Industry  Shipbuilding
Ceased operations  1933
Founded  1852
Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company wrecksiteeuimgownerbuilderdecorationpalmersj

Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company Limited, often referred to simply as "Palmers", was a British shipbuilding company. The Company was based in Jarrow, County Durham, in north-eastern England, and also had operations in Hebburn and Willington Quay on the River Tyne.

Contents

History

The company was established in 1852 by Charles Mark Palmer as Palmer Brothers & Co. in Jarrow. Later that year it launched the John Bowes, the first iron screw collier. By 1900 the business was known as Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company. At that time, besides building ships, it manufactured and processed its own steel and other metals, and its products included Reed water tube boilers and marine steam engines. By 1902 Palmers' base at Jarrow occupied about 100 acres (41 hectares) and included 0.75 miles (1.2 kilometres) of the southern bank of the River Tyne, and employed about 10,000 men and boys. In 1910 Sir Charles Palmer's interest in the business was acquired by Lord Furness who, as Chairman, expanded the business by acquiring a lease over a new graving dock at Hebburn from Robert Stephenson and Company. In 1919 Palmers laid down the SS Gairsoppa, which was sunk by a German U-boat in 1941, causing the loss of 84 lives and 200 long tons (203 tonnes) of silver.

Palmers collapsed in 1933 and the Jarrow yard was sold to National Shipbuilders Securities, which closed it down, causing much unemployment and leading to the Jarrow March. After the shipyard closed Sir John Jarvis used the engine shop as a steel foundry, the steel coming from the breaker's yard that scrapped the White Star liner Olympic and the Berengaria.

The company retained the yard at Hebburn and was subsequently acquired by Armstrong Whitworth, becoming Palmers Hebburn Company. In 1973 Vickers-Armstrongs, successor to Armstrong Whitworth, sold the Palmers Dock at Hebburn to Swan Hunter and developed it as the Hebburn Shipbuilding Dock. This facility was acquired in turn from the receivers of Swan Hunter by Tyne Tees Dockyard in 1994, which sold it to Cammel Laird in 1995. When the latter entered receivership in 2001, the dock was acquired by A&P Group. The yard remains in use as a ship repair and refurbishment facility.

Ships built by Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company

Ships built by Palmers included:

Battlecruisers

  • HMS Queen Mary Royal Navy (1912)
  • Battleships

  • HMS Defence Royal Navy (1861)
  • HMS Hercules Royal Navy (1910)
  • HMS Lord Nelson Royal Navy (1906)
  • HMS Resolution Royal Navy (1892)
  • HMS Resolution Royal Navy (1915)
  • HMS Revenge Royal Navy (1892)
  • HMS Russell Royal Navy (1901)
  • HMS Swiftsure Royal Navy (1870)
  • HMS Terror Royal Navy (1856)
  • HMS Triumph Royal Navy (1870)
  • Cruisers

  • HMS Alacrity Royal Navy (1885)
  • HMS Dauntless Royal Navy (1918)
  • HMS Orlando Royal Navy (1886)
  • HMS Pegasus Royal Navy (1897)
  • HMS Pique Royal Navy (1890)
  • HMS Pyramus Royal Navy (1897)
  • HMCS Rainbow Royal Canadian Navy (1891)
  • HMS Retribution Royal Navy (1891)
  • HMS Surprise Royal Navy (1885)
  • HMS Undaunted Royal Navy (1886)
  • HMS York Royal Navy (1928)
  • Destroyers

  • HMS Bat Royal Navy (1896)
  • HMS Chamois Royal Navy (1896)
  • HMS Cherwell Royal Navy (1903)
  • HMS Crane Royal Navy (1896)
  • HMS Dee Royal Navy (1903)
  • HMS Diana Royal Navy (1932)
  • HMS Duchess Royal Navy (1932)
  • HMS Erne Royal Navy (1903)
  • HMS Exe Royal Navy (1903)
  • HMS Ettrick Royal Navy (1903)
  • HMS Fawn Royal Navy (1897)
  • HMS Flirt Royal Navy (1897)
  • HMS Flying Fish Royal Navy (1897)
  • HMS Janus Royal Navy (1895)
  • HMS Kangaroo Royal Navy (1900)
  • HMS Lightning Royal Navy (1895)
  • HMCS Margaree Royal Canadian Navy (1932)
  • HMS Myrmidon Royal Navy (1900)
  • HMS Peterel Royal Navy (1899)
  • HMS Porcupine Royal Navy (1895)
  • HMS Rother Royal Navy (1904)
  • HMS Spiteful Royal Navy (1899)
  • HMS Star Royal Navy (1896)
  • HMS Swale Royal Navy (1905)
  • HMS Syren Royal Navy (1900)
  • HMS Ure Royal Navy (1904)
  • HMS Wear Royal Navy (1905)
  • HMS Whiting Royal Navy (1896)
  • HMS Wryneck Royal Navy (1918)
  • Monitors

  • HMVS Cerberus Victorian Navy (1868)
  • HMS General Wolfe Royal Navy (1915)
  • HMS Gorgon Royal Navy (1871)
  • HMS Marshal Ney Royal Navy (1915)
  • HMS Marshal Soult Royal Navy (1915)
  • River gunboats

  • HMS Dee Royal Navy (1877)
  • HMS Don Royal Navy (1877)
  • HMS Esk Royal Navy (1877)
  • HMS Medina Royal Navy (1876)
  • HMS Medway Royal Navy (1876)
  • SMS Planet Austro-Hungarian Navy (1889)
  • HMS Sabrina Royal Navy (1876)
  • HMS Slaney Royal Navy (1877)
  • HMS Spey Royal Navy (1876)
  • HMS Tay Royal Navy (1876)
  • HMS Tees Royal Navy (1876)
  • HMS Trent Royal Navy (1877)
  • HMS Tweed Royal Navy (1877)
  • Cable ships

  • CS Faraday Atlantic Telegraph Company (1923)
  • Cargo ships

  • Anne Thomas Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1882)
  • Anthony Radcliffe Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1893)
  • Automedon Alfred Holt and Company (1922)
  • Clarrisa Radcliffe Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1889)
  • Douglas Hill Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1890)
  • Gairsoppa British-India Steam Navigation Company (1919)
  • Gwenllian Thomas Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1882)
  • Iolo Morgannwg Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1882)
  • John Bowes Charles Palmer (1852)
  • Kate Thomas Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1884)
  • Lady Palmer Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1889)
  • Mary Thomas Evan Thomas Radcliffe (1889)
  • Meriones China Mutual Steam Navigation Company (1922)
  • Oil tankers

  • British Ardour British Tanker Company (1928)
  • British Aviator British Tanker Company (1924)
  • British Captain British Tanker Company (1923)
  • British Chemist British Tanker Company (1925)
  • British Chivalry British Tanker Company (1929)
  • British Corporal British Tanker Company (1922)
  • British Freedom British Tanker Company (1928)
  • British General British Tanker Company (1922)
  • British Honour British Tanker Company (1928)
  • British Industry British Tanker Company (1927)
  • British Inventor British Tanker Company (1926)
  • British Justice British Tanker Company (1928)
  • British Light British Tanker Company (1917)
  • British Loyalty British Tanker Company (1928)
  • British Mariner British Tanker Company (1922)
  • British Officer British Tanker Company (1922)
  • British Premier British Tanker Company (1922)
  • British Science British Tanker Company (1931)
  • British Sergeant British Tanker Company (1922)
  • British Splendour British Tanker Company (1931)
  • British Strength British Tanker Company (1931)
  • British Yeoman British Tanker Company (1923)
  • Passenger ships

  • SS Connaught (1860)
  • Steam yachts

  • Xantha Henry Paget, 2nd Marquess of Anglesey (1867)
  • Tugs

  • PT Northumberland G. Wascoe, Shields, 1852 Yard number 1
  • References

    Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company Wikipedia


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