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Otto Weddigen

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Allegiance  German Empire
Rank  Kapitanleutnant
Role  Military Commander
Service/branch  Imperial German Navy
Years of service  1901 - 1915
Name  Otto Weddigen
Battles and wars  U-boat Campaign
Commands held  SM U-9, SM U-29
Otto Weddigen Otto Weddigen Wikipedia the free encyclopedia
Battles/wars  U-boat Campaign (World War I)
Died  March 18, 1915, Pentland Firth, United Kingdom
Awards  Pour le Merite, Iron Cross

[Kapitan Otto Weddigen and the U9]


Otto Eduard Weddigen (15 September 1882 – 18 March 1915) was a German U-boat commander during World War I.

Contents

Otto Weddigen MaritimeQuest Daily Event for March 18 2009 SMS U29

Biography and career

Otto Weddigen Europeana 19141918 Feldpostkarte Unterseeboot U9

He was born in Herford, in the Prussian Province of Westphalia and started his military career in the Kaiserliche Marine in 1901. In 1910 he was given command of one of the first German submarines, U-9.

Otto Weddigen Lieut von Weddigen ie Otto Weddigen LOC Flickr

On 22 September 1914, while patrolling in the region of the southern North Sea known to the British as the "Broad Fourteens", U-9 intercepted the three warships of the Seventh Cruiser Squadron. Weddigen fired off all six of his torpedoes, reloaded while submerged, and in less than an hour sank the three British armoured cruisers HMS Aboukir, HMS Hogue and HMS Cressy. Sixty two officers and 1,397 men were killed, only 837 survived. Weddigen was awarded the Iron Cross, second and first class.

Otto Weddigen httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

After sinking HMS Hawke and some merchant ships, Weddigen received Prussia's highest military order, the Pour le Merite. He also received the highest military honors of the other kingdoms of the German Empire: The Knight's Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph of the Bavaria (making him one of only six non-Bavarians to receive this), the Knight's Cross of Saxony's Military Order of St. Henry and the Knight's Cross of Wurttemberg's Military Merit Order.

Otto Weddigen HMS Aboukir HMS Hogue HMS Cressy

Weddigen died while commanding the submarine U-29. On 18 March 1915 U-29 was rammed by the British battleship HMS Dreadnought in the Pentland Firth. U-29 had broken the surface immediately ahead of Dreadnought after firing a torpedo at HMS Neptune and Dreadnought cut the submarine in two after a short chase. There were no survivors from the submarine.

Otto Weddigen 013 Otto Weddigen and the live bait squadron The First

During the inter-war period, the resurgent Wehrmacht named a newly built barracks in Herford as Otto-Weddigen-Kaserne in his honour due to the linkage with his birthplace. Although the Wehrmacht unit housed inside the barracks was not naval - it was Panzer Abwehr Abteilung 6, an Army anti-tank unit - the occupants of the barracks nevertheless signified the naval connection to Weddigen by placing two large anchors at the base of a large National Socialist Reichsadler at the entrance to the barracks. Ironically, ever since 1945 the barracks has been occupied by British Army soldiers from the Royal Corps of Signals. The barracks is scheduled to close with the eventual withdrawal of all remaining British Forces in Germany in 2020.

References

Otto Weddigen Wikipedia


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