Siddhesh Joshi (Editor)

Oswald Veblen

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedInShare on Reddit
Covid-19
Name  Oswald Veblen
Doctoral advisor  E. H. Moore
Role  Mathematician
Oswald Veblen httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu
Born  June 24, 1880 Decorah, Iowa, U.S. (1880-06-24)
Institutions  Princeton University, Institute for Advanced Study
Alma mater  University of Iowa, Harvard University, University of Chicago
Thesis  A System of Axioms for Geometry (1903)
Doctoral students  J. W. Alexander H. Roy Brahana Alonzo Church Philip Franklin Harold Hotelling Howard H. Mitchell Robert Lee Moore J. H. C. Whitehead
Died  August 10, 1960, Brooklin, Maine, United States
Education  University of Iowa, Harvard University, University of Chicago
Notable students  James Waddell Alexander II, Robert Lee Moore
Books  Projective Geometry, Introduction to infinitesi, Invariants of Quadratic, The Foundations of Differe, The Cambridge Colloquium
Similar People  E H Moore, James Waddell Alexande, John Wesley Young, Robert Lee Moore, J H C Whitehead

George dyson on oswald veblen and the institute for advanced study


Oswald Veblen (June 24, 1880 – August 10, 1960) was an American mathematician, geometer and topologist, whose work found application in atomic physics and the theory of relativity. He proved the Jordan curve theorem in 1905; while this was long considered the first rigorous proof, many now also consider Jordan's original proof rigorous.

Contents

Life

Veblen was born in Decorah, Iowa. He went to school in Iowa City. He did his undergraduate studies at the University of Iowa, where he received an A.B. in 1898, and Harvard University, where he was awarded a second B.A. in 1900. For his graduate studies, he went to study mathematics at the University of Chicago, where he obtained a Ph.D. in 1903. His dissertation, A System of Axioms for Geometry was written under the supervision of E. H. Moore.

Veblen taught mathematics at Princeton University from 1905 to 1932. In 1926, he was named Henry B. Fine Professor of Mathematics. In 1932, he helped organize the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, resigning his professorship to become the first professor at the Institute that same year. He kept his professorship at the Institute until he was made emeritus in 1950.

During his years in Princeton, Veblen and his wife Elizabeth accumulated land along the Princeton Ridge. In 1957 they donated 82 acres (33 ha) to establish the Herrontown Woods Arboretum, one of the largest nature preserves in Princeton, New Jersey.

Veblen died in Brooklin, Maine, in 1960 at age 80. After his death the American Mathematical Society created an award in his name, called the Oswald Veblen Prize in Geometry. It is awarded every three years, and is the most prestigious award in recognition of outstanding research in geometry.

Accomplishments

During his career, Veblen made important contributions in topology and in projective and differential geometries, including results important in modern physics. He introduced the Veblen axioms for projective geometry and proved the Veblen–Young theorem. He introduced the Veblen functions of ordinals and used an extension of them to define the small and large Veblen ordinals. In World War II he was involved in overseeing ballistics work at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds that involved early modern computing machines, in particular supporting the proposal for creation of the pioneering ENIAC electronic digital computer. He also published a paper in 1912 on the four-color conjecture.

Family

Veblen's uncle was Thorstein Veblen, noted economist and sociologist. Oswald Veblen's parents were Andrew Anderson Veblen and Kirsti Hougen.

Books by O. Veblen

  • Introduction to infinitesimal analysis; functions of one real variable with N. J. Lennes (John Wiley & Sons, 1907)
  • Projective geometry with John Wesley Young (Ginn and Co., Vol. 1, 1910; Vol. 2, 1918)
  • Analysis Situs (American Mathematical Society, 1922; 2nd edn. 1931)
  • Invariants of Quadratic Differential Forms (Cambridge University Press, 1927)
  • The Foundations of Differential Geometry with J. H. C. Whitehead (Cambridge University Press, 1932)
  • Projektive Relativitatstheorie (Springer Verlag, 1933)
  • References

    Oswald Veblen Wikipedia


    Similar Topics
    E H Moore
    J H C Whitehead
    John Wesley Young
    Topics
     
    B
    i
    Link
    H2
    L