Neha Patil (Editor)

Os Grandes Portugueses

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Country of origin  Portugal
No. of episodes  24
First episode date  15 October 2006
Presented by  Maria Elisa
Genre  Documentary film
Original language(s)  Portuguese
Original network  RTP 1
Final episode date  25 March 2007
Number of episodes  24
Language  Portuguese
Os Grandes Portugueses wwwmarktestcomwapprivateimagesnews2007397g
Developed by  Rádio e Televisão de Portugal
Production company(s)  Rádio e Televisão de Portugal
Similar  Gato Fedorento, De Grootste Nederlander, El Gen Argentino, Diz que é uma Espécie d, Velikite Balgari

Os Grandes Portugueses (English: The Greatest Portuguese) was a public poll contest organized by the Portuguese public broadcasting station RTP and hosted by Maria Elisa. Based on BBC's 100 Greatest Britons, it featured individual documentaries advocating the top ten candidates. The final vote took place on 25 March 2007, the winner being António de Oliveira Salazar, Portugal's dictator between 1932 and 1968.


The top ten

President António de Oliveira Salazar, whose programme was presented by Jaime Nogueira Pinto, polled the most (41%); his lifelong communist political opponent Álvaro Cunhal was second (19%), and the diplomat Aristides de Sousa Mendes third (13%).

Salazar is often described, from a right-wing viewpoint, as a model of competence, conservatism, rigor, and public service devotion, despite the authoritarianism of his regime, its suppression of political dissent, and repressive state police. A simultaneous opinion poll conducted by Marktest showed that, given the choice of the finalists, Salazar was the favourite of only 11%. RTP itself commissioned a simultaneous poll, conducted by Eurosondagem, which ranked Salazar 7th, with 6.6% of the vote, and Afonso I 1st with 21%. The difference of these statiscally representative polls to the final result suggest that the voting, consisting of voluntary telephone calls, may have been skewed by groups with vested interests.

The 10 most voted-for personalities were revealed on 14 January 2007. All of the 10 finalists are deceased. The highest placed living Portuguese was former president Mário Soares (12th). On 25 March the final results were announced:

  1. António de Oliveira Salazar – President between 1932 and 1968 (41.0%)
  2. Álvaro Cunhal – Politician (19.1%)
  3. Aristides de Sousa Mendes – Diplomat (13.0%)
  4. Afonso I – King (12.4%)
  5. Luís Vaz de Camões – Poet (4.0%)
  6. John II – King (3%)
  7. Henry the Navigator – Prince (2.7%)
  8. Fernando Pessoa – Poet (2.4%)
  9. Marquês de Pombal – Politician (1.7%)
  10. Vasco da Gama – Explorer (0.7%)

The other 90

  • There are 19 women in the top 100.
  • There were 33 living persons in the top 100. A further 33 are predominantly 20th century figures.
  • Brites de Almeida (51) is the only (likely) fictional person listed in top 100.
  • Os Piores Portugueses

    The SIC Notícias programme Eixo do Mal (Axis of Evil) held a parallel vote for Os Piores Portugueses (The Worst Portuguese), also won by António de Oliveira Salazar.


    Os Grandes Portugueses Wikipedia