Sneha Girap

Oruro, Bolivia

Updated on
Share on FacebookTweet on TwitterShare on LinkedIn
Country  Bolivia
University  Universidad Tecnica de Oruro
Area  1,633 km2
Founded  November 1, 1606
Mayor  Rossio Pimentel

Oruro is a city in Bolivia with a population of 264,683 (2012 calculation), located about equidistant between La Paz and Sucre at approximately 3709 meters above sea level. It is the capital of the department of Oruro. The city is also the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Oruro. Oruro is subject to boom or bust cycles due to its dependence upon the mining industry, notably tin, tungsten (wolfram), silver and copper.


Map of Oruro, Bolivia

Carnaval de oruro compilation of carnival di oruro bolivia


Oruro, Bolivia in the past, History of Oruro, Bolivia

The city was first founded on November 1, 1606 by Don Manuel Castro de Padilla. as a silver mining center in the Urus region. At the time, it was named Real Villa de San Felipe de Austria after the Spanish monarch, Philip III. It was eventually abandoned as the silver mines became exhausted. Oruro was reestablished in the late nineteenth century, as a tin mining center, Oruro being named after the native tribe "Uru-Uru". For a time, the La Salvadora tin mine was the most important source of tin in the world. Gradually, this resource became less plentiful, and Oruro again went into a decline, although its primary employer is still the mining industry.


While traditionally based upon mining, and beginning in the late 20th Century additionally supported by tourism, the economy of Oruro grew in the early 21st Century by utilizing its economic connections to Chile, and transport by road through Chile to the Pacific port of Iquique, to open new connections to external markets, as well as utilizing the existing rail connection through Uyuni to the port at Antofagasta, Chile. In addition, thanks to increased road building, it acted as a way station on the overland route of goods from the Atlantic port of Santos, Brazil, through Puerto Suarez and Santa Cruz to La Paz.

Culture and education

Oruro, Bolivia Culture of Oruro, Bolivia

Despite its economic decline, the city still manages to attract tourists to its carnival, the Carnaval de Oruro, considered one of the great folkloric events in South America for its masked "diablada".

Oruro, Bolivia Culture of Oruro, Bolivia

The Oruro Symphony Orchestra is based in Oruro. Aymara painter and printmaker Alejandro Mario Yllanes (1913–1960) was born here.

The Universidad Tecnica de Oruro, noted for its engineering school, is located in Oruro.

Main attractions

  • Museo Patino, former residence of "tin baron" Simon Iturri Patino
  • Museo Mineralogico (Mineralogical Museum): has exhibits of precious stones, minerals, and fossils
  • Museo Etnografico Minero (Ethnographical Mining Museum): housed in a mine tunnel, depicts methods of Bolivian mining
  • Museo Nacional Antropologico Eduardo Lopez Rivas(National Anthropological Museum): displays tools and information on the Chipayas and Urus tribes and Carnaval de Oruro.
  • Churches: Catedral Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion, Santuario de la Virgen del Socavon, Iglesia de Cunchupata
  • Inti Raymi, a mine
  • References

    Oruro, Bolivia Wikipedia (,),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),),)

    Similar Topics
    Alexander Smirnov (figure skater)
    Attila György