| Beauty rat snake, Red‑headed rat snake|
Orthriophis is a genus of Old World ratsnakes, containing four species of ratsnakes which were formerly assigned to the genus Elaphe. Based on DNA evidence Utiger et al. elected to create the genus Orthriophis in 2002.
The generic name, Orthriophis, derives from the Greek orthros (ορθρος) for dawn and ophis (οφις) for snake, referring to the snakes' high level of activity in the early morning.
The following four species are recognized as being valid:Orthriophis cantoris (Boulenger, 1894) – Cantor's ratsnake
Orthriophis hodgsoni (Günther, 1860) – Hodgson's ratsnake
Orthriophis moellendorffi (Boettger, 1886) – 100 flower ratsnake, Möllendorff's ratsnake
(the specific name is sometimes spelled "moellendorfi ")
Orthriophis taeniurus (Cope, 1861) - beauty snake
Nota bene: A binomial authority in parentheses indicates that the species was originally described in a genus other than Orthriophis.