The Order of the Star of the Romanian Socialist Republic (Romanian: Ordinul Steaua Republicii Socialiste România), from 1948 to 1965 the Order of the Star of the Romanian People's Republic (Romanian: Ordinul Steaua Republicii Populare Române), was the second-highest honor bestowed by Romania during the Communist period. Established in January 1948, during the regime's first month, it came in five classes.
Recipients of its first class included Siegfried Wolfinger (1952), Lucia Sturdza-Bulandra (1953), Emil Bodnăraș, Justinian Marina, Gala Galaction (1954), Dimitrie Cuclin (1955), Simion Stoilow (1957), Alexandru Kirițescu, László Szabédi, Petre Antonescu, Cicerone Theodorescu (1958), N. Gh. Lupu, Károly Kós (1959), Tudor Arghezi (1960), Ion S. Gheorghiu, Gheorghe Macovei, Erasmus Julius Nyárády, Horia Maicu, George Oprescu, Mihail Jora, Miron Radu Paraschivescu (1961), Ion Agârbiceanu, Nicolae Profiri, Aurel Beleș, Corneliu Miklosi, Ion Jalea, Patriarch Alexy I of Moscow, Perpessicius (1962) and Nikita Khrushchev (1964).
Recipients of its second class included George Călinescu, George Georgescu, Geo Bogza, Athanase Joja, Mihai Beniuc and Barbu Lăzăreanu.