Miron Radu Paraschivescu ([miˈron ˈradu ˌparasciˈvesku]; October 2, 1911– February 17, 1971) was a Romanian poet, essayist, journalist, and translator.
Born in Zimnicea, Teleorman County, he went to high school in Ploiești, after which he studied fine arts, first in Cluj and later in Bucharest without graduating. He enrolled then at the Letters and Philosophy Department of the University of Bucharest.
A leftist in his youth (he joined the Union of Communist Youth in 1933), he wrote for many leftist papers and magazines of those days: "Cuvîntul liber", "Azi", "Facla", "Viața românească", "Era nouă", "Lumea românească", "Timpul", "Ecoul", "România liberă", "Scînteia", sometimes under a pen name, among them Emil Soare and Paul Scorțeanu. After World War II, he wrote many propagandistic articles although it seems that he never became a member of the Communist Party.
Being on friendly terms with many communist leaders from their days in the underground, like Gogu Rădulescu, Miron Constantinescu, Constanţa Crăciun, Iosif Chişinevschi, Leonte Răutu, he was considered "invulnerable", and got away with criticizing the regime, mostly in private, when anybody else would have ended in prison for the same offence. Although he hoped, due to his antifascist past, to be given important government positions like his former comrades, he never got any, being sent instead to work for several magazines and papers.
He and Sorin Toma bitterly criticized Tudor Arghezi in 1948, accusing him of being a representative of "decadent, bourgois art".
In 1965, Paraschivescu took charge of the readers' column at the literary magazine Ramuri in Craiova, changing it in May 1966 into a four-page literary supplement called Povesta vorbei ("The Tale of Talk"). It lasted only six numbers. He transformed it into a meeting place for a number of young avantgarde writers who had difficulty getting published by the established literary press. Among them were: Leonid Dimov, Virgil Mazilescu, Dumitru Țepeneag, Iulian Neacșu and Sanziana Pop.
Known for being sometimes a "difficult person" and a "big mouth", Paraschivescu was hospitalized at least twice in mental institutions.
Somewhat of a Don Juan, Paraschivescu was married five times.Oameni şi aşezări din Ţara Moţilor şi a Basarabilor, Craiova, 1938
Cântice ţigăneşti, Bucureşti, 1941; illustrated by Marcel Chirnoagă, Bucureşti, 1972
Pâine, pământ şi ţărani, Craiova, 1943
Cântare României, Bucureşti, 1951
Laude, Bucureşti, 1953
Laude şi alte poeme, Bucureşti, 1959
Declaraţia patetică, Bucureşti, 1960
Poezii, Bucureşti, 1961
Declaraţia patetică. Cântice ţigăneşti. Laude şi alte poeme, Bucureşti, 1963
Bâlci la Râureni, Bucureşti, 1964
Versul liber, Bucureşti, 1965
Drumuri şi răspântii, Bucureşti, 1967
Tristele, Bucureşti, 1968
Scrieri, vol. I-II, Bucureşti, 1969, vol. III-IV, Bucureşti, 1974-1975
Poeme, Bucureşti, 1971
Ultimele, Bucureşti, 1971
Poezii, edited and afterword by Ioan Adam, Bucureşti, 1973
Amintiri, Bucureşti, 1975
Journal d'un heretique, translated by Claude Jaillet, foreword by de Virgil Ierunca, Paris, 1976; edition (Jurnalul unui cobai. 1940-1954), edited by Maria Cordoneanu, foreword by Vasile Igna, Cluj Napoca, 1994
Povestind copiilor, Bucureşti, 1990
Jurnalul unui cobai, 1994
Poeme, Iaşi, 2000
Marie-Anne Desmarest, Torente, Bucureşti, 1943
Konstantin Simonov, Apărarea Moscovei, Bucureşti, 1944
Nikolai Tikhonov, Istorisiri din Leningrad, Bucureşti, 1944
Mikhail Sholokhov, Şcoala urii, Bucureşti, 1944
Jean Richard Bloch, Toulon, Bucureşti, 1945
Alexander Pushkin, Basme..., illustrated by Th. Kiriacoff-Suruceanu, Bucureşti, 1945, Ruslan şi Ludmila, Bucureşti, 1951
Translations of eight European poets, illustrated by Mircea Alitanti, Bucureşti, 1946
Claude Roy, Parisul răsculat, Bucureşti, 1946
Maxim Gorki, Univesităţile mele, Bucureşti, 1948
N.A. Nekrasov, Poeme alese, Bucureşti, 1953, Gerul, moşu cu nasu roşu, Bucureşti, 1955, Opere alese, I-III, Bucureşti, 1955-1959, Femeile ruse. Decembristele, Bucureşti, 1956
Adam Mickiewicz, Pan Tadeusz sau Ultima încălcare de pământ în Lituania, foreword by Olga Zaicik, Bucureşti, 1956, Poezii, Bucureşti, 1957 (with Vlaicu Bârna şi Virgil Teodorescu), Poezii, Bucureşti 1959
Juliusz Slowacki, Ceasul meditării, illustrated by Mihu Vulcănescu, Bucureşti, 1962
Giuseppe Ungaretti, Poezii, Bucureşti, 1963 (with Alexandru Balaci)
Andre Malraux, Calea regală, Bucureşti, 1971
The Romanian Academy's "George Coșbuc" Award (1956)
Honorary citizen of Vălenii de Munte (post-mortem, 2011)