An old soldiers' home is a military veteran's retirement home, nursing home, or hospital, or sometimes even an institution for the care of the widows and orphans of a nation's soldiers, sailors, and marines, etc.
Old soldiers' home Wikipedia
The first national veterans' home in the United States was the United States Naval Home approved in 1811 but not opened until 1834 in the Philadelphia Naval Yard. The Naval Home was moved to Gulfport, Mississippi in 1976. It was subsequently opened to veterans of other services and is now the Gulfport Campus of the Armed Forces Retirement Home.
The first Army national old soldiers' home in the U.S. was established in Washington, D.C. in 1851. General Winfield Scott founded the Soldier's Home in Washington DC and another (since fallen into disuse) in Harrodsburgh, Kentucky with about $118,000 in leftover proceeds of assessments on occupied Mexican towns and the sale of captured tobacco in the Mexican–American War (1846–48). The Old Soldier's Home (Washington), now known as the Armed Forces Retirement Home, was the site of President Lincoln's Cottage at the Soldiers' Home, which served as Abraham Lincoln's summer home during the Civil War and is adjacent to National Cemetery, the first federal military cemetery in the US. President Lincoln's Cottage has been designated a National Monument, and recently underwent renovation. It reopened to the public on President's Day, 18 February 2008. The Home has remained in continuous use since its establishment in 1851. It is located on a beautiful 250-acre (1.0 km2) wooded campus overlooking the U.S. Capitol in the heart of D.C. and continues to serve as a retirement home for U.S. enlisted men and women. Both the Washington D.C. and Gulfport soldiers' and sailors' homes are funded through a small monthly contribution from the pay of members of the U.S. Armed Services.
Following the American Civil War the federal government increased the number of National Military Homes, and took over a few formerly state-run old soldiers' homes. By 1933 there were 17 federally managed veterans homes. All except the first two of these homes were eventually combined with other federal government agencies to become part of what is now called the Veterans Administration, or U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs established in 1930.
Caring for the disabled and elderly, and the widows and orphans of men who died in the war became a concern even before the Civil War ended. For example, in 1864 Fitch's Home for Soldiers and Their Orphans was opened with private donations in Connecticut. Various female benevolent societies pushed for the creation of a long-term care federal or state soldier home system at the end of the war. Large veterans organizations like the Grand Army of the Republic and United Confederate Veterans eventually also worked for the creation of federal and state homes to care for disabled or elderly veterans. In a few cases veterans organizations on their own raised the money to buy property and build veterans homes. Most of these were quickly turned over to the state government to fund and manage. The majority of state legislatures established veterans homes paid for by state monies from the start. 43 states managed 55 functioning state veterans homes before 1933. Fourteen of those states also had a federal veterans home open at the same time as their state veterans home.
Eleven states had two or more state veterans homes in operation at the same time (two of which also had a federal home). Some states simply had several homes at once. A few states admitted veterans' widows, and a few other states established separate homes for the widows and orphans. A few states had separate Union and Confederate old soldiers' homes. The first of 16 Confederate homes was opened in 1881 in Georgetown, Kentucky. Confederate soldiers' homes were supported entirely by subscribers or by the states, with no funds from the federal government against which the Confederates had fought.
A few state-run old soldiers' homes were eventually folded into the federal veterans home system. As their last few Civil War veterans were dying in the 1930s, some states chose to close their old soldiers' homes, and other states began admission of veterans from more recent wars. Several of these state old soldiers' homes have been modernized and stop serve veterans.
Soldier homes in major cities were among the earliest, usually starting more as hotels for men passing through town, but increasingly taking on disabled servicemen. These were usually operated as paying businesses rather than being fully funded by the government. Philadelphia had two soldiers' homes which were associated with nearby saloons and got their start as a part of the refreshment and lodging business. Women activists also helped establish disabled soldiers' homes in Boston, Chicago, and Milwaukee, or in conjunction with the U.S. Sanitary Commission in 25 other cities. The Boston home closed in 1869, the Philadelphia homes closed in 1872, the Chicago Soldiers' Home lasted until 1877, and Milwaukee turned into a federal home.
During the Civil War, the US Sanitary Commission provided Union servicemen "Temporary aid and protection,—food, lodging, care, etc.,—for soldiers in transitn[sic], chiefly the discharged, disabled, and furloughed." By 1865 the Commission operated 18 "soldiers' homes," 11 "lodges," and one "rest" in 15 states north and south (for a list see Commission bulletin, 3:1279). Most of their homes were war-time facilities and were closed at war's end. They are not included in the following list.
(by state)Alabama Confederate Soldiers Home a.k.a. Jefferson Manly Falkner Soldiers' Home, Mountain Creek, Alabama
Tuskegee Home a.k.a. Veterans Administration Hospital and Nursing Home, Tuskegee, Alabama
Arkansas Confederate Soldiers' Home, Sweet Home, Arkansas
Los Angeles Disabled Veterans Home a.k.a. Pacific Branch National Military Home, Sawtelle, Los Angeles, California
Veterans Home of California Yountville, Yountville, California
Colorado State Soldiers and Sailors Home, Homelake, Colorado
Fitch's Home for Soldiers and Their Orphans, Darien, Connecticut
United States Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Armed Forces Retirement Home, Washington, D.C.
Florida Old Confederate Soldiers and Sailors Home, Jacksonville, Florida
St. Petersburg [National] Home (Bay Pines), St. Petersburg, Florida
Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Georgia Soldiers' Home, Atlanta, Georgia
Idaho State Soldiers Home, Boise, Idaho
Soldiers' Home, Chicago, Illinois
Danville Branch National Military Home, Danville, Illinois
Logan Home a.k.a. Maywood Home for Soldiers' Widows, Maywood, Illinois
Illinois Soldiers and Sailors Home a.k.a. Illinois Veterans Home, Quincy, Illinois
Soldiers' Widows' Home, Wilmington, Illinois
Marion Branch National Military Home, Marion, Indiana
Indiana State Soldiers Home, West Lafayette, Indiana
Iowa Veterans Home, Marshalltown, Iowa
Kansas Soldiers' Home, Fort Dodge, Kansas
Kansas State Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Western Branch National Military Home, Leavenworth, Kansas
Confederate Soldiers' Home and Widows' and Orphans' Asylum, Georgetown, Kentucky
Kentucky Confederate Soldiers' Home, Pewee Valley, Kentucky
Soldiers' Home at Harrodsburg, Kentucky
Soldiers' Home of Louisiana a.k.a. Camp Nicholls Soldier's Home, New Orleans, Louisiana
Eastern Branch National Military Home, Togus, Maine
Maryland Line Confederate Soldiers' Home, Pikesville, Maryland
Discharged Soldiers' Home, Boston, Massachusetts
Soldiers' Home, Chelsea, Massachusetts
Grand Rapids Home for Veterans, Grand Rapids, Michigan
Minnesota Veterans Home, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Beauvoir Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Jefferson Davis Beauvoir Memorial Soldiers' Home, Biloxi, Mississippi
Biloxi Home [National Home] a.k.a. VA Medical Center, Biloxi, Mississippi
Missouri Confederate Home, Higginsville, Missouri
Missouri State Federal Soldiers' Home, St. James, Missouri
Montana State Soldiers' Home, Columbia Falls, Montana
Soldiers and Sailors' Home, Grand Island, Nebraska
Soldiers and Sailors' Home, Milford, Nebraska
New Hampshire Soldiers' Home, Tilton, New Hampshire
Home for Disabled Soldiers, Kearny, New Jersey
Veterans Memorial Home, Menlo Park, New Jersey
Home for Disabled Soldiers, Newark, New Jersey
Veterans Memorial Home, Vineland, New Jersey
New York State Soldiers' and Sailors' Home a.k.a. Bath Branch National Military Home, Bath, New York
State Women's Relief Corps Home a.k.a. New York State Veterans Home, Oxford, New York
Confederate Woman's Home, Fayetteville, North Carolina
North Carolina Soldiers' Home, Raleigh, North Carolina
Soldiers Home, Lisbon, North Dakota
Central Branch National Soldiers' Home, Dayton, Ohio
Soldiers' Home, Sandusky, Ohio
Oklahoma Confederate Home a.k.a. Oklahoma Veterans Center, Ardmore, Oklahoma
Oklahoma Union Soldiers' Home, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Oregon State Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Roseburg Branch National Military Home, Roseburg, Oregon
Soldiers' and Sailors' Home, Erie, Pennsylvania
Cooper Shop Soldiers' Home, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Soldiers' Home of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
United States Naval Home, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Rhode Island Soldiers' Home, Bristol, Rhode Island
Confederate Home for Soldiers and Sailors a.k.a. South Carolina Confederate Infirmary, Columbia, South Carolina
Battle Mountain Sanitarium National Military Home, Hot Springs, South Dakota
South Dakota State Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Michael J. Fitzmaurice Veterans Home, Hot Springs, South Dakota
Mountain Branch National Military Home, Johnson City, Tennessee
Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Tennessee Soldiers' Home, Hermitage (Nashville), Tennessee
Texas Confederate Home for Men, Austin, Texas
Texas Confederate Woman's Home, north of Austin, Texas
Vermont Soldiers' Home, Bennington, Vermont
Southern Branch National Military Home, Hampton, Virginia
Virginia Confederate Soldiers' Home a.k.a. Lee Camp Soldiers' Home, Richmond, Virginia
Washington State Soldiers' Home, and Washington State Soldiers' Colony, Orting, Washington
Washington Veterans' Home, Retsil, Washington
Grand Army Home, a.k.a. Wisconsin Veterans' Home, King, Waupaca County, Wisconsin
Milwaukee Soldiers Home, in the 90 acres (36 ha) Milwaukee Soldiers Home National Historic Landmark District—Northwestern Branch, National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Historic District, on the 400 acres (160 ha) Clement J. Zablocki VA Medical Center grounds in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. The most intact Soldiers Home in the country and the only one with the majority of its surrounding recuperative village remaining.
Wyoming State Home for Soldiers and Sailors, Cheyenne, Wyoming (1895–1903), It was relocated to Buffalo, Wyoming in 1903, where it continues to serve in the present day.