Siddhesh Joshi

Obninsk

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Country  Russia
Population  104,739 (2010)
Founded  1946
Area  42.97 km²

Obninsk russiatrekorgimagesphotoobninskrussiacityma

University  Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering

Map of Obninsk

Obninsk (Russian: О́бнинск) is a city in Kaluga Oblast, Russia, located on the bank of the Protva River 100 kilometers (62 mi) southwest of Moscow and 80 kilometers (50 mi) from Kaluga. Population: 104,739 (2010 Census).

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History

The history of Obninsk began in 1945 when the First Research Institute Laboratory "V", which later became known as IPPE was founded. On June 27, 1954, in Obninsk started operations of the world's first nuclear power plant to generate electricity for a power grid. The city was built next to the plant in order to support it. Scientists, engineers, construction workers, teachers and other professionals moved to Obninsk from all over the Soviet Union. Town status was granted to Obninsk on June 24, 1956. The name of the city is taken from Obninskoye, the train station in Moscow-Bryansk railroad, built in Tsarist times.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as the City of Obninsk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the City of Obninsk is incorporated as Obninsk Urban Okrug.

Demographics

According to the 2010 Census, the population of the city was 104,739, down from 105,706 recorded in the 2002 Census, but up from 100,178 recorded in the 1989 Census.

The average age of the citizens is thirty-nine years.

Transportation

The city is located on the main rail line between Moscow and Kiev and at the intersection of Kiev and Warsaw highways. Three international airports are within reach from Obninsk: Vnukovo (70 km), Domodedovo (100 km), and Sheremetyevo (130 km). Cargo airfield Yermolino is only 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) away.

Science and education

Obninsk is one of the major Russian science cities. In 2000, it was awarded the status of the First Science City of Russia. The city is home to twelve scientific research institutes. Their main activities are nuclear power engineering, nuclear methods and radiation technology, technology of non-metallic materials, medical radiology, meteorology and ecology and environmental protection.

The first nuclear power plant in the world for the large-scale production of electricity opened here on June 27, 1954, and it also doubled as a training base for the crew of the Soviet Union's first nuclear submarine, the K-3 Leninsky Komsomol. Now the city is home to twelve scientific research institutes. Their main activities are nuclear power engineering, radiation technology, medical radiology, and meteorology.

Obninsk is famous for its meteorological tower which was built to study spreading of radiation from the nuclear station.

The following institutes are located in the city:

  • State Scientific Center of Russian Federation Institute for Physics and Power Engineering
  • State Scientific Center of Russian Federation Obninsk Scientific Production Enterprise "Tekhnologiya"
  • Medical Radiological Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Sciences
  • Obninsk Branch of the State Scientific Center of the Russian Federation "Karpov Institute of Physical Chemistry"
  • Obninsk Institute for Nuclear Power Engineering
  • Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information (World Data Center)
  • Central Pilot Expedition of the Geophysical Service of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Radiology and Agroecology
  • Central Design Bureau of Hydrometeorological Instrumentation
  • Russian Research Institute of Agricultural Meteorology
  • Scientific Production Association TYPHOON
  • Economy

    In the city are the plants of companies such as Kraftway (the largest manufacturer of personal computers in Russia), Ruukki, Lotte Confectionery, Hemofarm a.d..

    Government

    The head of the city administration is Vladislav Shapsha.

    Sport

    There is a bandy club called Atom.

    International relations

    Obninsk has three sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

  • Oak Ridge, Tennessee, United States
  • Mianyang, China
  • Visaginas, Lithuania
  • Obninsk also has a partnership with:

  • Limousin, France
  • Montpellier Agglomération, France
  • Jyväskylä, Finland
  • Tiraspol, Transnistria
  • References

    Obninsk Wikipedia


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