Supriya Ghosh (Editor)


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Kingdom  Animalia
Scientific name  Nycticorax
Higher classification  Heron
Order  Pelecaniformes
Family  Ardeidae
Phylum  Chordata
Rank  Genus
Nycticorax Blackcrowned night heron 39Auku39u Nycticorax nycticorax hoactii
Lower classifications  Black‑crowned night heron, Nankeen night heron

Black crowned night heron bird nycticorax nycticorax

Nycticorax is a genus of night herons. The name Nycticorax means "night raven" and derives from the Ancient Greek nuktos "night" and korax, "raven". It refers to the largely nocturnal feeding habits of this group of birds, and the croaking crow-like call of the best known species, the black-crowned night heron.


Nycticorax httpsuploadwikimediaorgwikipediacommonsthu

These are medium-sized herons which often are migratory in the colder parts of their ranges.

Adults are short-necked, relatively short-legged and stout herons; the two extant species both have a black crown and a whitish belly, while the wings, chest, neck and auriculars are grey or rufous depending on the species. Young birds are brown, flecked with white and grey, and are quite similar to each other in the extant species. At least some of the extinct Mascarenes taxa appear to have retained this juvenile plumage in adult birds.

Nycticorax Nycticorax

Night herons nest in colonies on platforms of sticks in a group of trees, or on the ground in protected locations such as islands or reed beds. Three to eight eggs are laid.

Nycticorax FileNycticorax nycticorax jp1JPG Wikimedia Commons

They stand at the water's edge, and wait to ambush prey, mainly at night. They primarily eat small fish, crustaceans, frogs, aquatic insects, and small mammals. During the day they rest in trees or bushes.

Nycticorax FileNycticorax nycticorax 1905jpg Wikimedia Commons

Black crowned night heron wild birds nycticorax nycticorax birds of flooded areas


Nycticorax Blackcrowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax Photo Image

In addition to the species listed below, the night herons of the genera Nyctanassa and Gorsachius were formerly placed in Nycticorax, but today all major authorities consider them separate.

Nycticorax Nycticorax nycticorax Linnaeus 1758 Discover Life
  • Black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax
  • Rodrigues night heron, Nycticorax megacephalus (extinct)
  • Réunion night heron, Nycticorax duboisi (extinct)
  • Mauritius night heron, Nycticorax mauritianus (extinct)
  • Ascension night heron, Nycticorax olsoni (extinct)
  • Niue night heron, Nycticorax kalavikai (prehistoric)
  • ʻEua night heron, Nycticorax sp. (prehistoric)
  • Lifuka night heron, Nycticorax sp. (prehistoric) - may be same as ʻEua species
  • Nankeen night heron or rufous night heron, Nycticorax caledonicus
  • Bonin nankeen night heron, Nycticorax caledonicus crassirostris (extinct, c. 1890)
  • In addition, the following taxa are known from fossil bones:

  • Nycticorax sp. (Early Oligocene of Fayyum, Egypt) (fossil)
  • Nycticorax fidens (Late Miocene of McGehee Farm, US) (fossil)
  • References

    Nycticorax Wikipedia