Sneha Girap (Editor)

Nueva Esparta

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Country  Venezuela
University  Universidad de Oriente
Area  1,150 km2
Capital  La Asuncion
Governor  Carlos Mata Figueroa
Population  491,610

New Sparta State, in Spanish Estado Nueva Esparta , is one of the 23 states of Venezuela. It comprises Margarita Island, Coche, and the largely uninhabited Cubagua.


Map of Nueva Esparta

The state is the smallest one in area, and is located off the northeast Caribbean coast of Venezuela. It is the only insular state of Venezuela. Its name comes from the heroism shown by its inhabitants during the Venezuelan War of Independence, deemed similar to that of the Spartan soldiers of Ancient Greece. The main island of Margarita alone has an area of 934 kmĀ². In 1909 the state was constituted (then comprising Margarita and Coche Islands) and in 1947 the island of Cubagua was added. Its capital city is La Asuncion, but the main urban center is Porlamar. Other important towns are Juan Griego, Pampatar (home of the Port Authority), Punta de Piedras, San Juan Bautista, Las Guevaras, Las Hernandez, Villa Rosa, Bella Vista (Margarita), El Valle del Espiritu Santo.

Vti venezuela travel estado nueva esparta 13 video serie 20082009


Founded in 1525, the Province of Margarita was the oldest of those that in 1777 formed the Post of Captain-General of Venezuela. It was dependent on the Royal Audience of Santo Domingo until 1739, when it was annexed to the Viceroyalty of New Granada (Virreinato de Nueva Granada).

Nueva Esparta in the past, History of Nueva Esparta

In 1821, when Gran Colombia was created, the Province of Margarita was integrated to the Orinoco Department, along with other regions. When the Republic of Venezuela arose in 1830, it was one of the original Provinces of Venezuela.

In 1864, when the country was divided into 20 states and a Federal District, Margarita took the name of State of New Sparta. In 1881 its status was changed to be a mere section of the Greater Guzman Blanco State (Called Miranda from 1889 to 1898). In 1901, two years after the autonomy of the states was restored, it retook the name of New Sparta, but again lost it between 1904 and 1909, period in which it was included in the Federal District as "Eastern Section". Finally, in 1909 it recovered the condition of a State, and in 1948 it annexed the island of Cubagua.


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