Nisha Rathode (Editor)

North Western Province, Sri Lanka

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Language spoken


Largest city
7,888 km2

Dayasiri Jayasekara


North Western Province, Sri Lanka Beautiful Landscapes of North Western Province, Sri Lanka

Colleges and Universities
Wayamba University of Sri Lanka, Maliyadeva Girls College

Kurunegala, Kalpitiya Divisional Secretariat, Puttalam, Chilaw, Marawila

Amara Piyaseeli Ratnayake

Map of North Western Province, Sri Lanka

North Western Province (Sinhalese: වයඹ පළාත Wayamba Palata, Tamil: வட மேல் மாகாணம் Vada Mael Maakaanam) is a province of Sri Lanka. The districts of Kurunegala and Puttalam formulate Wayamba. Its capital is Kurunegala, which has a population of 28,571. The province is known mainly for its numerous coconut plantations. Other main towns in this province are Chilaw (24,712) and Puttalam (45,661), which are both small Fishing towns. The majority of the population of Wayamba province is of Sinhalese ethnicity. There is also a substantial Sri Lankan Moor minority around Puttalam and Sri Lankan Tamils in Udappu and Munneswaram. Fishing, prawn farming and rubber tree plantations are other prominent industries of the region. The province has an area of 7,888 km², and a population of 2,370,075 (2011 census).


North Western Province, Sri Lanka Culture of North Western Province, Sri Lanka

North Western Province Canal Project in Sri Lanka |SL eTV


North Western Province, Sri Lanka Festival of North Western Province, Sri Lanka

The climate of Wayamba is tropical, with a marked dry season, and temperatures averaging between 20 °C in January to 25 °C in March.The south of the province is wetter,with almost 2000 mm of rainfall per year, but the north of the province is one of the driest regions in Sri Lanka,averaging under1100 mm of rain in parts.


North Western Province, Sri Lanka Festival of North Western Province, Sri Lanka

Wayamba is divided into 2 districts:

North Western Province Sri Lanka Wikipedia

  • Kurunegala District 4,771 km2 (1,842 sq mi)
  • Puttalam District 2,976 km2 (1,149 sq mi)
  • Major Cities

  • Kurunegala (Municipal Council)
  • Big Towns

  • Puttalam (Urban Council)
  • Kuliyapitiya (Urban Council)
  • Chilaw (Urban Council)
  • Other Towns

  • Alawwa
  • Anamaduwa
  • Bingiriya
  • Bolawatta
  • Dankotuwa
  • Galgamuwa
  • Giriulla
  • Hettipola
  • Hiripitiya
  • Kalpitiya
  • Kumarakattuwa
  • Madampe
  • Maho
  • Marawila
  • Narammala
  • Nattandiya
  • Nikaweratiya
  • Pannala
  • Polpithigama
  • Madurankuli
  • Wariyapola
  • Wennappuwa
  • Pallama
  • Polgahawela
  • Education

    Provincial Education

    1. Zonal Education - Kurunegala
    2. Zonal Education - Puttalam
    3. Zonal Education - Kuliyapitiya
    4. Zonal Education - Chilaw
    5. Zonal Education - Ibbagamuwa
    6. Zonal Education - Maho
    7. Zonal Education - Nikaweratiya
    8. Zonal Education - Giriulla

    Nanthimithra nawothya central college is pallama school


    The region is served by an extensive rail and road transport system providing linkages to the major cities and ports in Sri Lanka. Some major roads include,

  • A3: Puttalam – Chilaw – Negombo - Colombo (162 km)
  • A6: Ambepussa – Kurunegala – Dambulla – Trincomalee (192 km)
  • A10: Katugastota – Kurunegala – Puttalam (125 km)
  • A12: Puttalam - Anuradhapura - Trincomalee (179 km)
  • Railway Lines

  • Colombo, Ragama Junction, Polgahawela Junction, Kurunegala, Maho Junction, Anuradhapura. Served by the Rajarata Rajini (Queen of North Central Region).
  • Colombo, Ragama Junction, Negombo, Chilaw, Puttalam (1926). Served by the Muthu Kumari (Pearl Princess). A route of 83 miles (134 km) along the North-Western coast.
  • Industrial Land

    Wayamba is the location for Mawathagama and Polghawela Export Processing Zones and boasts several other industrial estates such as Dambadeniya, Makandura West, Makadura East, Pannala, Lunuwila, Heraliyawela, Dangaspitiya, Dankotuwa and Noorani.

    Major Agricultural Crops

    Wayamba has a highly developed agricultural economy, growing a variety of fruits and vegetables, flowering plants, spices, oil-seeds in addition to the traditional plantation crops such as Coconut, Rubber and Rice. Rich soils and varied climate give Wayamba a potential for growing of virtually any crop.

    Paddy is the main agricultural crop in the province. Wayamba is the third largest paddy producing area in Sri Lanka. There are two main cultivation seasons. The Maha Season (October–January) or the period with excessive rainfall and the Yala Season (April–August) the drier season. In Yala season, the farmers have to depend on irrigation. More recent times, the paddy farmers during the dry season have opted to cultivate export crops and subsidiary food crops that bring bigger profits.

  • Coconut – The largest industry in the Wayamba Province. The extent of land under coconut is 48% of the island’s area.
  • Paddy
  • Cereals – Kurakkan, maize, green gram, cowpea
  • Root Crops – sweet potatoes, red onions
  • Fruits – Pineapples, Mangoes, Papaya, Banana, Avocado
  • Vegetables – Gherkin, Asparagus, and many local vegetables
  • Cashew Nut is also cultivated on a large scale in the Wayamba province. Wayamba is a major Cashew exporting region in Sri Lanka. The northern most dry region is ideally suited for Cashew cultivation.
  • Fisheries Industry/ Prawn Farming - The western coast of the North Western region is endowed with rich fisheries and other aquatic resources. The major varieties found in abundance are tuna, prawns, lobsters and cuttlefish. The country’s export-oriented commercial prawn farming industry is concentrated in the coastal areas of the Puttalam district.
  • Banking and Financial Services

    The Wayamba province is well served by all major commercial banking and financial institutions of Sri Lanka. These include, Bank of Ceylon, Commercial Bank of Sri Lanka, Sampath Bank, National Savings Bank, Hatton National Bank, People’s Bank, Seylan Bank and the Union Bank. All of these banks have an extensive coverage of their branches in the province. Three other development banks of Sri Lanka, namely The DFCC Bank, National Development Bank, Wayamba Development Bank,Ideal motors & Ideal finance also provide services to the province.

    Archaeological Sites

    The Wayamba province is a treasure house of archaeology having been seat of four medieval kingdoms of Sri Lanka between the mid 12th and mid 14th centuries. Having forced to move capitals due to foreign invasions, Sri Lankan kings nevertheless built magnificent citadels are Yapahuwa, Panduwasnuwara, Dambadeniya and Kurunegala. Impressive remains of those citadels, palaces, Buddhist temples and monasteries provide exciting sight seeing to the visitors.

    Rock Temples

    Wayamba and Kurunegala are also the home for other ancient Buddhist rock temples, mostly with 1st century B.C roots, with wall and ceiling frescos, colossal Buddha images, stone inscriptions and sculptures dating from early medieval to 18th century period.


    The sparkling blue surf of the Indian Ocean and scenic tropical lagoons which edge the western shores of the Wayamba province are glided with 240 kilometres of wide, sun drenched beaches. These beaches stretch from Waikkal at its southern end to Dutch Bay in the Puttalam district.

    Some of Wayamba's best resort beaches are at Marawila, Talwila, Kalpitiya and Waikkal. These beaches are often with the bonus of a lagoon or a river front and make excellent bases for stay-put beach holidays. Some of the beach resorts also offer viewing of underwater Coral wonderlands off Kandakuliya and Karaitivu. Many fishing villages dot the coastal areas.

    European Colonial Monuments

    The well preserved Dutch Fort in Kalpitiya (Puttalam district) dating back to 1670 is an evidence of the Wayamba’s European colonial period. The fort is complete with barracks, store houses and living quarters, Dutch colonial pillars and ancient tombstones. Kurunegala has many 19th century relics of the British colonial period including the government Agent’s residence and the Rajapihilla rest house.


    The people of Wayamba celebrate many traditional festivals centred on sacred shrines of diverse faith.

  • All Buddhist temples celebrate the Vesak, Poson and Esela festivals commemorating the events of great importance to the Buddhists. These festivals feature colourful decorations, lanterns, illuminations and pageants where traditional dancing, drumming, costumed dignitaries and elephants are paraded. Two noteworthy colourful Buddhist processions are organised by the Wilbawa Raja Maha Viharaya (Major temple) and Athanda Raja Maha Viharaya and are paraded in the Kurunegala city.
  • The St Anne's Roman Catholic church is located on a magnificent beach stretch in Talawila in the Puttalam district. The church draws thousands of pilgrims for its main festivals in March and July.
  • The Munneswaram and Udappu Hindu temples are pilgrim centres of many devotees. People gather to worship deities and seek favours. The main temple of God Shiva at Munneswaram, comprises the shrines and has been built according to traditional Hindu style. Munneswaram celebrates its major festival in August where fire-walking is practiced. Udappuwa, a sea side shrine complex of three shrines, also has a colourful festival held in the month of August.
  • The Ramazan, Haj and Milad-un-Nabi festivals are also celebrated by the minority Muslims of Wayamba especially at historic and famed mosques in Puttalam, Kurunegala and Chilaw. These celebrations are mainly of religious character, recitations of Koran and distribution of cooked food and sweets.
  • All three shrines are easily accessible from Kurunegala, - Munneswaram approximately 70 km, Udappuwa 95 km and St. Anne’s about 110 km respectively.

    Research Institutes

  • Coconut Research Institute, Lunuwila
  • Rice Research and Development Institute, Batalagoda
  • Wayamba University of Sri Lanaka


  • Cricket - Wayamba
  • References

    North Western Province, Sri Lanka Wikipedia