|Name Norbert-Bertrand Barbe||Role Writer|
|Books Patrick McGoohan's "The prisoner", Hitchcock|
Norbert-Bertrand Barbe is a French art historian, semiologist, artist and writer. He was born in 1968 and has a master's degree in art history (Université Paris X, 1991) and a Ph.d. in Comparative Literature (Université d'Orléans, 1996). He is an Honorary Member of the Nicaraguan Academy of Language.
- Artistic orientation and theoric relevance
- Literary prizes
- Individual exhibitions
- Collective exhibitions
- Major books and articles on the work of Norbert Bertrand Barbe
He worked as a teacher and researcher since 1992 in several French, Costa Rican and Nicaraguan institutions. His fields are the Middle Ages, modern times and the contemporary era.He dedicated himself to the study of symbolic productions, (plastic arts, literature, cinema, myths and the methodological and epistemological rationalization of its approach. He developed this approach in his doctoral thesis "The themes of the Raft of the Medusa by Théodore Géricault studied through their recurrence in the work of the painter, and art and literature of the 19th century" (1992) and "Roland Barthes and the aesthetic theory" (1996), in his book Arturo Andrés Roig and the epistemological problem (1998). He is the author of more than 1200 articles. published in national print media and magazines (France, Spain, United States, Mexico, Nicaragua), and on internet (Spain, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Costa Rica).
As editor, he published more than two hundred books, more than fifty such as author, and about ten as a translator. So he is the first and only translator and editor to the French of the major classics of Nicaraguan literature, like Salomón de la Selva, Alfonso Cortés, Ernesto Cardenal and Carlos Martinez Rivas.
The theoretical books by Norbert-Bertrand Barbe are accessible on the main University libraries around the world (Yale, Princeton, Emory, Harvard, Oxford, Heidelberg, La Sorbonne, Tokyo, Kyoto, etc., as well as in the Library of Congress or in the National Library of Sweden).
Among these texts are, in addition to the already mentioned texts: Darian Studies (2001), Latin American studies (2004), Bosch Bruegel (2004), Two attempts to understand advertising today (2004) A roll of the dice will never abolish chance or Stéphane Mallarmé and the question of abstract art (2004), Europe and Latin America Meeting Dialogues (2007).
Published in 2001, his thesis on Barthes provided a framework to a set of 4 books, contemporary groups, which sought to study systematically the symbolic productions from the comparatist and panoskian principles raised in it: 1 / Iconologia and the ArteFactos in Managua (2001, 2005) in the plastic arts, respectively of Europe from the romanesque Crucifixion to surrealism and abstract art in the Nicaragua of the 1990s; 2 / Literary origins of contemporary thought (2001, 2007) with regard to European and American literary material from the 18th century; 3 / Myths (2001, 2004), on indo-European, medieval European and American mythologies of the origin; 4 / Essays on filmic iconology and Shall We Talk About Cinema (2001, 2005), about cinema and advertising.
In addition to his articles on literature and Latin American philosophy, published in La Prensa and El Nuevo Diario (1997–2007), Barbe participated notably in the nicaraguayan press, with two columns, respectively, weekly and bi-monthly, published in El Nuevo Diario: Shall We Talk About Cinema (1997–1999) and in the cultural sabbatine supplement Nuevo Amanecer Cultural: Culture Lodge (2005–2008) on concepts (such as dirt, childhood, movement), art and literature of the 18th - 21st.
Barbe textbooks have been commented on in national media and magazines specialized in France and England. They served as a basis for thesis in La Sorbonne and in Nicaragua in the Catholic University UNICA.
Barbe was also the organizer of the I International Congress on Panosfky (France, 2003), and the editor of the Acts proceeding of the Congress (2004).
Artistic orientation and theoric relevance
In poetry and art, his work has evolved from a naturalistic expressionism to decomposition formal and narrative questions, particularly through the shocker pop and photomontages.
In the 2000s he developed “processal” works and “geometric poems and tales”, which incorporate the concept of “Not Happening” and “reverse literature” in which the structure of the narrative construction appears to the reader/viewer. He is co-founder of the movement Kites (1996–1999) and Any Name (1998–2005), founder of the journal Go Home (2005 to date) and founder of Bes editions (2001 to date).
As a theorist, his path is defined by its interdisciplinarity (Masters in Low Medieval Art History; DEA and Ph.D. in Comparative Literature, respectively modern and contemporary, his Ph.D. touching issues of aesthetic and epistemological study of the works).
The main contributions of Norbert Berttand Barbe in the Humanities studies are:
1/ The unification of a general theory of interpretation of symbolic productions through his books Iconologia (about visual arts), Myths (about mythology), Literary origins of contemporary thought (about literature), Essays on filmic iconology (about films).
2/ Mirroring macro phenomena from micro (Nicaragua).
3/ The comprehensive approach to the development and structural evolution of the modern mentality to the contemporary one studied in its works. In books: Culture Lodge, The Construction of the Me; Literary origins of contemporary thought; Nothingness in contemporary thought; Darian Studies.
4 / The iconological approach to contemporary art and motifs as minimal units of meaning to assume the abstract work as a historical phenomenon readable since his time. In books: Representation: Iconographic problem of contemporary art; Sur-realism; The Scream by Edvard Munch: A paradigmatic case of staging iconic codes of an era; Stéphane Mallarmé and the question of abstract art.
5 / The study of modern and contemporary architecture as an expression not just concrete and practical of using necessities, but also intellectual of formal tensions. In books: Meaning and context of the Black square on White background by Kazimir Malevich: An testimonial and argumentative object of vanguards in their controversies with figurative art about issues of color and formal composition; A History of Modern Architecture 12th-18th centuries; History of contemporary architecture 19th-21th [sic?] centuries.
6 / The analysis of discourses of domination from the study of mass speech. In books: Two essays on Laugh; Elements of the political construction of contemporary thought nineteenth-twentieth centuries - Criticism and lies: From Public School to Socialism of the 21th [sic?] century; Vox Populi: Why we are not free; Metalanguage and dominance speeches in the postmodern culture and politics.
Prize Arts and Letters of France in novel and essay (1995).
He participated as guest poet at the Poetry International Festival of San Salvador (2006), Havana (2007) and Granada, Nicaragua (2005, 2006, 2007).
1999: Sample/s on glass, UNAN-Managua, 2004:
No 5 of the internet magazine: http://web.archive.org/web/20091028052126/http://www.geocities.com/letrassalvajes/N5.html
No 3 of the Mexican internet magazine: www.clubdebrian.com
2005: Up To U, Añil Gallery, Managua.
2010: Rational Works, Casa de los Tres Mundos, Granada.
Works conserved in the national collections of the Central Bank of Nicaragua and the Museum of Fontenay-le-Comte, France.
As a filmmaker and video artist:
As an illustrator and publisher: