The National Civil Aviation Agency (Agência Nacional de Aviação Civil in Portuguese), also known as ANAC, is the Brazilian civil aviation authority, created in 2006. It is headquartered in the Edifício Parque Cidade Corporate in Brasília.
A part of the Brazilian Secretariat of Civil Aviation, the agency raised from the former Department of Civil Aviation (DAC) and the Civil Aviation Certification Division (Aeronautical Technical Center - CTA), the Brazilian aircraft certification authority. In Brazil, ANAC is responsible for regulating safety and security matters related to civil aircraft and its components, personnel licensing, operations and aerodromes.
Brazilian civil aircraft fleet is one of the largest around the world, with more than 10,000 units flying. The executive helicopters fleet is the second one, most of them operating in the city of São Paulo. ANAC is the agency that controls their concessions and operations.
ANAC regulates the concessions of Brazilian airlines, such as TAM Airlines, VRG Airlines (which includes the brands Gol Airlines and Varig), Azul Brazilian Airlines, Avianca Brazil, TRIP Linhas Aéreas, Passaredo Linhas Aéreas, among others.
ANAC also regulates the number of maximum operations (slots) in some airports due to its capacity limitations. Presently they are:National Civil Aviation Agency of Brazil Wikipedia
São Paulo-Congonhas Airport with 30 operations an hour
São Paulo/Guarulhos-Gov. Franco Montoro International Airport with 45 operations an hour.
Rio de Janeiro-Galeão/Antonio Carlos Jobim Internanational Airport
Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport
Brasília-Pres. Juscelino Kubitscheck International Airport
On March 16, 2010, ANAC announced that similar slot restrictions, particularly on peak hours will be implemented in 2010 at the following airports:
Belo Horizonte/Confins-Pres. Tancredo Neves International Airport
Brasília-Pres. Juscelino Kubitscheck International Airport (Implemented)
Cuiabá-Marechal Rondon International Airport
Fortaleza-Pinto Martins International Airport
Salvador-Dep. Luís Eduardo Magalhães International Airport
ANAC is responsible for approving the aircraft made by Embraer, top 3 among all the commercial jets manufacturers, after U.S.-based Boeing and France-based Airbus.
On 27 November 2016, ANAC did not approve the flight plan proposed by the Bolivian company Lamia to transport The Chapeocoense Brazilian soccer team in a direct chartered flight from Brazil to Medellin. ANAC based its decision on the international aeronautical legislation, according to which a chartered flight must be operated by a company based either in the country of origin or the country of destiny of the flight intended. The soccer team reached Bolivia via a regular commercial flight, and then departed to Medellín from the Viru Viru Airport, in Bolivia, in a flight operated by Lamia. There was a crash with 71 dead and only 6 survivors.